Yojimbo (用心棒Yōjinbō) is a 1961 film directed by Japanese Director Akira Kurosawa. The title means in the Dutch "bodyguard". The western A Fistful of Dollars (1964) and Sergio Leone 's gangster film Last Man Standing (1996) by Walter Hill are both a Hollywood version of this movie.
A ronin, Samurai without a master, arrives in a small village, where two rival crime bosses have power and make money with gambling. The Samurai Sanjuro Kuwabatake himself, who calls, manages to find a job in both crime bosses. He is their personal protector.
With a sly tactics and with the help of his sword he succeeds in every two crime families against each other. Thanks to the Samurai hit the two rivals getting involved with bloody confrontations, which ultimately as good as no one more remains of the two crime families.
- Toshirō Mifune - Kuwabatake Sanjuro
- Tatsuya Nakadai - Unosuke
- Yōko Tsukasa - Nui
- Isuzu Yamada - Orin
- Daisuke Katō Inokichi, Ushitora's younger brother -
- Takashi Shimura - Tokuemon, sake Brewer
- Hiroshi Tachikawa - Yoichiro
- Yosuke Natsuki - the son of Kohei
- Eijirō Tōno - Gonji, owner of Tavern
- Kamatari Fujiwara - Tazaemon, Mayor of the village
- Ikio Sawamura Role - Hansuke
- Susumu Fujita - Homma
- Kyu Sazanka - Ushitora, crime boss # 1
- Seizaburô Kawazu - score featuring, crime boss # 2
For this film, Director Akira Kurosawa was inspired by various movies. The film is in the field of style heavily influenced by westerns, and particularly the westerns of John Ford. The presence of an introverted, lonelyprotagonist was also already in previous films by Kurosawa there.
For the story left a Kurosawa was inspired by the film noir The Glass Key (1942). Also the novel Red Harvest by writer Dashiell Hammett was used as a source of inspiration for this film. Hammett also wrote the novel on which the film The Glass Key is based.
Many films over the years have made references to this movie.
- A Fistfull of Dollars the western (1964) is a remake of this film. Because Director Sergio Leone remaking this movie not possessed the rights, there followed a legal battle around the remake. Only in the westernUnited States out in the 1967.
- Last Man Standing (1996) with Bruce Willis, Christopher Walken and Bruce Dern is an official remake.
- Zatoichi Meets Yojimbo (1970) is clearly based on Yojimbo. Also starring Toshirō Mifune plays here.
- The film The Warrior and the Sorceress (1984) with, among others, David Carradine is based on Yojimbo.
- Also in the films Sukiyaki Western Django (2007) and Lucky Number Slevin (2006) is the main character in a range are between two rival crime bosses.
- The cinematography of Yojimbo served as inspiration for most western films that later were made.
- When The Bride in Kill Bill Vol. 1 with the Crazy 88 battle it out, she says to the last of the Crazy 88 that "he should go home, to his mother". This scene is a reference to Yojimbo.
- Director George Lucas, creator of Star Wars, is a big fan of Akira Kurosawa and referred in many of his movies to the Japanese. Since Yojimbo on the novel "Red Harvest" by Dashiell Hammett based, got the Star Warsaflevering of Family Guy entitled "Blue Harvest".
- Akira Kurosawa wanted his employees came up with something making it immediately knew he was a main character in dangerous village arrived. The staff always came up with ideas that were already used in other movies. In the end it was Kurosawa himself who decided to get a dog with a human hand in his mouth to image.
- Kurosawa Toshiro Mifune 's character compared with a wolf or a dog and Tatsuya Nakadai 's character with a snake. This is the reason why Toshire always about his shoulder looks, like Mifune a dog who suffers from fleas.