The Wimbledon Championships, better known as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and is a tournament Grand Slam tournament. Wimbledon is considered the most prestigious tennis tournament in the world. It is also the largest grass tennis tournament and is one of the few tennis tournaments which require players to wear white clothes.
The annual Grand Slam tournament, which was played for the first time in 1877, is held at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Wimbledonin the London suburb. Wimbledon is, as well as the three other grand slams, organized under the auspices of the International Tennis Federation. In the two weeks in June and July in the main tournament with 64 players and doubles only 128 couples by gender. Also there are 48 players and 48 players in the mixed doubles tournament.
- 2 Characteristics
- 3 Winners
- 4 home-grown Performance
- 5 Tennis museum
The first Wimbledon tennis championships (amateur), held in 1877, were an all-English affair. The event was then called the Lawn Tennis Championships and was hosted by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. There were only men participate. In 1884 became tournaments for ladies and for herendubbels added. Around the turn of the century Wimbledon had developed into a popular and full international tournament. In 1922, going on Church Road a new tennis complex built for 14,000 spectators, which the growth and popularity of the tournament great has promoted.
The American May Sutton was the first non-British champion in 1905. Two years later the Australian Norman Brookes performed the same in the men's race. From 1937 until 2012 there was no British winner been more at the men, and since 1977 , this is also no longer in the women happened. The girls tournament was won in 1984 and 2008 by the British. Andy Murray won in the men's race in 2013, 77 years after the last British winner Fred Perry in 1936.
In 2007 it was Hawk-Eyesysteem entered on the Centre Court and Court No. 1, and since 2009 also on Court No. 2. Since may 2009 the Centre Court covered in rain. On 17 May 2009, under the watchful eye ofAndre Agassi, Steffi Graf, Tim Henman and Kim Clijsters the new sliding roof closed and presented for the first time. On June 29, 2009, during Wimbledon 2009, the roof closed for the first time in an official game. At that time worked Dinara Safina and Amélie Mauresmo their game.
In 2009, also opened a new Court No. 2 . There are now 4000 people in it. The old Court Number Two (the graveyard of the champions) was renamed to Court No. 3 that in turn was rebuilt and reopened in 2011.
Today is the most important and prestigious Wimbledon tennis tournament, and also the largest grass tournament in the world with the highest prize money: in 2009 a record amount of £12.550.000. In addition, the traditional British character of Wimbledon the tournament a separate touch, such as the strict rule that all players should be dressed in white. Wimbledon has its own system for the placement of players. TheWimbledon placement system is not based on the official rankings, but performance on grass, linked to the ATP ranking.
The tournament will be held in June/July and normally takes two weeks. For the singles released do 128 players, making a player/Player 7 games must win to win the tournament. Wimbledon consists of separate tournaments for men, women and doubles (men, women and mixed), which are held simultaneously. In addition, a junior tourney player.
The tournament starts every year on the Monday, six weeks before the first Monday in August (so the Monday between 20 and 26 June).
On the first Sunday during the tournament (Middle Sunday) is traditionally not played, unless the program, for example by abundant rainfall, has turned into such a way that this is needed. This is been the case to date but three times: in 1991, 1997 and 2004.
The Cup (for the champion in the men's race) and the scale (for the champion in the women 's) takes place every year with the same ceremonial awarded by the Duchess of Kent, accompanied by her husband, who is also president of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Duke of Kent (respectively Duchess and Duke of Kent).The last years only the Duke of Kent the ceremony; his wife is absent because of a lesser health.
Green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. The obligation that players wear predominantly white, was the reason why Andre Agassi refused to play a number of years.
Prize Money[tournament)%26action%3Dedit%26section%3D7 Edit]Edit
Wimbledon was the last Grand Slam tournament that the prize money between the men and women gelijktrok. This all happened on a US Open in 1973. The Australian Open followed in 2001, tournament) Roland Garros and Wimbledon in 2007. Both winners one million protested against it on some zones, because men to play three sets and so much longer on the Court are.
No tennis tournament ever returned as much prize money as Wimbledon 2009. In total is £12.550.000 (converted more than €14.75 million) to be divided. That is 6.2 percent more than the previous year. For the winner and the winner of the singles lay in 2009 a cheque for £ 850,000 (€ 1,000,000) ready.
All Kinds Of[tournament)%26action%3Dedit%26section%3D8 Edit]Edit
- On one of the days the school youth free to come and see a match.
- 2007 was the year of the most rain interruptions: the counter stood on 143. In the past, the tournament thereby be extended three times. However, such an extension in 2007 was not necessary. Because of the rain breaks there is a roof over the Centre Court built. It will rain in the future less throw a spanner in the works. During the first edition with roof, however, remained almost completely dry during the two weeks.
- For the Centre Court, Court No. 1 and Court No. 2, the Hawk-Eye system used to determine if a ball is struck in or out. On the other jobs is the older cyclops systeem applied.
On behalf of Belgium took out only the singles final Justine Henin (in 2001 and 2006), but lost both times. Kim Clijsters won In doubles with her Japanese partner Ai Sugiyama in 2003 and Josane Sigart with her French partner Doris Metaxa in 1932. In the men's only Paul de Borman played (in 1904) and Xavier Malisse (in 2002) ever a semifinal. A final place was never achieved in the men.
At the juniors were already many titles won: in girls in singles Kirsten Flipkens (2003), Nancy Feber (1993), Christiane Mercelis (1949) and Geneviève Domken (1947). Among the boys in doubles in 2000 withDominique Coene and Kristof Vliegen and Olivier Rochus in 1998 together with the Swiss Roger Federer, the future world number one. The girls won in doubles with Elke Clijsters Barbora Strycova in 2000 andLaurence Courtois and Nancy Feber in 1993.
Wimbledon has so far produced one champion for Netherlands: Richard Krajicek in 1996. He defeated American MaliVai Washingtonin the final. Betty Stöve was in 1977 losing finalist against the British Virginia Wade and Tom Okker in 1978 played the semi-final.
The double play is successful for Dutch: Betty Stöve in 1972 with Billie Jean King won the final of the women's doubles and in 1978 and 1981 with Frew McMillan won the mixed doubles final, and in 1998 Jacco Eltinghand Paul Haarhuis the final of the men's doubles tournament.
Since 12 april 2006 has a Wimbledon tennis museum: the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum, in which, among other things, clothing and rackets of famous players, and where one via touch screens historic archival footage and competitions can evoke. Also, the focus is on the development of tennis and there is a cinema room with a screen of 200 degrees, whereby it is right in the Centre Court feel. The museum is open every day.