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William Cuthbert Faulkner (New Albany (Mississippi)1897 - september 25, Oxford (Mississippi)6 July 1962) was a writer from Mississippi and winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1949. Although his works sometimes challenging or even difficult, he is generally regarded as one of the most important fiction writers of the United States.

William Faulkner wrote dramatic works of psychological and emotional depth. Like many authors he suffered from the envy and contempt of others. He was considered the stylistic rival of Ernest Hemingway (contrasting with the long sentences are short "minimalist" style of Hemingway). He is also considered by some to be the only true American modernist prose fiction writer of the 1930s, which the experimental tradition followed by European writers such as James JoyceVirginia Woolf and Marcel Proust.

Reading the work of Faulkner is sometimes a effort. In addition to the writers technique of stream of consciousness makes the writer often use multiple narrators. He also introduces sometimes briefly a character to get him/her to propose later and working out. This style, combined with a great erudition, his work sometimes makes it difficult to fathom the Reader immediately and to see through how the mutual relationships of the main characters in the work related.

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Faulkner was born William Falkner (without "you") in New AlbanyMississippi and grew up in this State. Faulkner was raised in and heavily affected, as well as by the general atmosphere of the American South. His grandfather, William Clark Falkner, was an important figure in the history of the northern Mississippi. He served as Colonelin the army, founded a rail connection on and gave his name to the place Falkner in nearby Tippahcounty. He wrote several novels and other works, which established a literary tradition in the family. Colonel Falkner the model for Colonel John Sartoris in his great-grandson's writing.

It is understandable that the younger Falkner was influenced by the history of his family and area. He had sense of humor and was aware of the tragic contradictions between blacks and whites. In addition, he characterized the usual Southern characters sharp and he cut timeless themes. An early editor wrote the name of Falkner falsely as "Faulkner" and the author decided to keep the spelling so.

Among the most celebrated novels of Faulkner are The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Light in August (1932), Unvanquished (1938) and Absalom, Absalom! (1936), be regarded as masterpieces. In The sound and the fury , Faulkner says that life is a story that is told by an idiot, full of sound and fury ' and nothing meaning. This is even more evident in As I lay dying, that's about the long, pointless funeral of Addie Bundren, who only exists from setbacks. The novel is made up of 59monologues, in which the reader must reconstruct the course of the story. This way of writing was later taken over by Hugo Claus in The Metsiers and by Alfred Andersch one in Sansibar oder der letzte Grund. Faulkner was a prolific writer of short stories: his first short-story collection, These 13 (1931), includes many of his most acclaimed stories. During the 1930s, in an effort to make money, Faulkner crafted Sanctuary, a sensational "pulp fiction"-styled novel (first published in 1931). He received a Pulitzer Prize for A Fable and won a National Book Award for his Collected Stories.

Faulkner was also a celebrated writer of mysteries. Faulkner set many of his short stories and novels in his fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on province-and in terms of geography almost identical to-his birth area.

In his later years, Faulkner moved to Hollywood to become a screenwriter to. Faulkner got to a relationship with Meta Carpenter.

Faulkner was also known for his drinking problem. During much of his life he was an alcoholic. According to Faulkner's alcoholism was particularly drastic rumors after a major achievement or reward. Normally he would drink during his periods of stay in bed and bring him his drinks, several family members and his company running smoothly.

In the 1950s he taught at universities in Faulkner and traveled the United States and Europe. Partly due to his alcoholism went as he grew older, his health declined and he died of a heart attack on July 6, 1962.

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