Tottenham Hotspur, "the Spurs ' popularly called, was founded in 1882 as Hotspur FC by guys of Hotspur cricket club and the local primary school. In 1884 the name was changed to Tottenham Hotspur Football and Athletic Club.
The Spurs are traditionally seen as a big club in England; in the 1960/61 season, the Spurs to be the first team in the 20th century, the double to catch up. They were both as the winner of the League Cup.
- 2 Palmares
- 3 Tottenham Hotspur in Europe
- 4 Selection 2014/2015
- 5 notable former players
- 6 list of trainers
- 7 external link
Hotspur Football Club was founded In 1882 by pupils from a local school along with Hotspur Cricket Club. It is thought that the name Hotspur is associated with Sir Henry Percy (Sir Harry Hotspur), lived in the area in the 14th century. Later the club took the name Tottenham Hotspur to to distinguish themselves from another team, London Hotspur.
The Spurs first played in Navy Blue outfits. The team's colors ranged from light blue with white stripes to red shirts and blue shorts to chocolate brown and gold. In season 1899/00 it was then eventually white shirts with Navy blue shorts as a tribute to Preston North End, the most successful club from that period.
In 1898 the club moved by River Lee to Northumberland Park where the club could ask entry fee for spectators. The club turned professional just before Christmas 1895and joined the Southern Football League where it had some 2,000 to 15,000 spectators. Charles Roberts became Chairman in 1898 and remained on this post until 1943.
One last move took place in 1899, the new stadium was over time known as White Hart Lane. Tottenham profited from a conflict in the professional football in the North of England (which in that time most of the highest class was a member), between the players Union and the Football League. As a result, came John Cameron, Secretary of this trade union, from Tottenham to Everton FC where he both player, the manager as Secretary of the club was. Tottenham then won the Southern League in 1900 and the FA Cup the following year, making it the first and so far only club was that this price could win if non-League club since the creation of the Football League.
In 1908/09 , the club was accepted into the Second Division of the Football League and immediately became second what a promotion meant to the First Division. The club could not draw the good line to the highest class and ended up on mediocre places in the last season before the League was shut down by the first world war was Hotspur last.
When football resumed in 1919 was the First Division was expanded from 20 to 22 teams, this saved Chelsea FC that normally relegated along with Hotspur, the other place went to Arsenal FC that was only fifth in the second division. This promotion was very controversial and contributed to the bitter rivalry between Arsenal and Tottenham, which had begun six years earlier when Arsenal moved to a stadium is not so very far from Tottenham.
Tottenham immediately became champion in the Second Division. The return in the highest class was celebrated with a sixth place and an FA Cup victory against the Wolves. After the club was runners-up in 1922the results slowly went backwards to a degradation followed in 1928. It took until 1933 before the Spurs back move up. In the first season, the club was third but the following season followed a new degradation.
A new return only in 1950, this was immediately awarded with a first-ever League title, some players of the winning team were Alf Ramsey, Ronnie Burgess, Ted Ditchburn, Len Duquemin, Sonny Walters and Bill Nicholson. After another second place the next season it went slowly downhill to 1956/57 when again the vicetitel was achieved. In the next three seasons, twice reached the third place.
Bill Nicholson began in 1936 as a young footballer at Tottenham and remained 68 years at the club, of footballer as its President. In his first game as a trainer on 11 October 1958 won the Spurs with 10-4 againstEverton FC. A record victory then, and a sign of good things to come. After the good results in the late 1950s and in 1960 became the second and last League title within met with 8 points ahead of Sheffield Wednesday, also the FA Cup was won. The first European adventure of the club ended in the semi-finals when the club lost to SL Benfica one of the top clubs from Europe of that time. After a new Cup victory in1962 the club took part in the UEFA Cup winners ' Cup and Atlético Madrid humiliated 5-1 in the final.
In the League the club finished in the top 5 for a few more years, then started to wane and the success which the aging team. Nicholson, however, built a new team with players like Alan Gilzean, Mike England, Allan Mullery, Terry Venables, Joe Kinnear and Cyril Knowles. In the 1967 FA Cup defeated the club Chelsea FC and was third in the League.
The League Cup was won for the first time in 1971 and that year was again the third place reached whereby the club took part to the very first edition of the UEFA Cup, the Spurs won the Wolves out there from other English club Wolverhampton. In 1973/74 was again removed, this time the club lost the final against Feyenoord Rotterdam. The following season, Nicholson resigned as coach after a poor start, which ultimately resulted in a place just above relegation. He won 8 major trophies in 16 years and its policy is without a doubt the most glorious history of the club. He let an outdated team after that no longer meekon. In 1977 the club relegated after 27 years top class. As a result, sold the club the Northern Ireland goalkeeper Pat Jennings to arch-rival Arsenal, no good decision as it turned out later, Jennings played the next 8 years at the top of English football while the Spurs were struggling to find a good goalkeeper. The stay at second class was happy but limited to one year. In the summer of 1978 Burkinshaw shocked the soccer world by the trainer two Argentine World Cup star Osvaldo Ardiles and Ricardo Villa win. It was a coup that was never seen before in British football. The team was not immediately successful and took out middle bracket first places in the League.
Trainer Burkinshaw won his first trophy in 1981 with the FA Cup when Manchester City FC was defeated in the final. The following season was again a success, in the League became the fourth place, the FA Cup was won again, this time in the European Cup against QPR and lost the club only in the semifinal by FC Barcelona. The club lost In the League Cup in the final. After a fourth place in 1983 , the Spurs won the UEFA Cup again against RSC Anderlecht. Burkinshaw made just weeks before the end of the season that he would leave after that season. This was a great loss to the club that won eleven prices between 1961 and 1984.This is one of the reasons why many still consider the Spurs as a top Club and that they expect success.
In 1985 the club was third but by the Heysel Stadium disaster all English clubs were banned from European football for five years creating a new Uefacup success failed to materialize. Two years later, it looked as though 1986/87 season would be another success in which all prices would be won. But it ran wrong, the club lost in the League Cup in the semi-finals by rival Arsenal. Next, the hope the FA Cup, it was the round of 16 for the Spurs and never they had lost while opponent Coventry City had never reached the final. Coventry won, 3-2, after a surprising third place in the League behind the Spurs remained empty handed.
In 1990 was again reached the third place under coach Terry Venables. The following season a new FA Cup title achieved with star Paul Gascoigne and Gary Lineker who their country to the semi-finals in the 1990 FIFA World Cup had led.
In the early nineties the club was in an economic crisis and stood on the edge of bankruptcy, Chairman Irving Scholar had no other option than to sell the club. Venables and businessman Alan Sugar names Tottenham Hotspur about and paid the £ 20 m debt, among other things by selling Gascoigne. In the first season of the Premier League ended the club and Venables was fired by the Board of directors after a court dispute with Sugar.
Former star Ossie Ardiles became the new coach of the club in 1993. He took out three expensive players within, Jürgen Klinsmann, Gheorghe Popescu and Ilie Dumitrescu. With players like Teddy Sheringham, Nick Barmby and Darren Anderton in the ranks the club had a good team. Klinnsmann was a sensation and became a favourite of the supporters. Despite the expensive acquisitions were the results not really good and in september 1994, Ardiles fired. That year, it was discovered that the club did illegal payments to players and got a heavy penalty, 12 penalty points for the season 1994/95, an annual exclusion from the FA Cup and fined £ 600,000. Alan Sugar protested because the guilty no longer worked for the club making the exclusion of the FA Cup and the penalty points were wiped out.
Ardiles was replaced by Gerry Francis that the club to seventh place in the League and in the FA Cup where they first reached the semi-finals was not to participate in this competition in which eventual winnerEverton FC was too strong. The success, however, was not extended and after the club in relegation trouble came in november 1997 Francis was fired. In 1999 the club won the League Cup with a new trophy and if so another European play. Alan Sugar lost his temper in 2001 due to the continuing middle bracket places and sold in large part to ENIC Sports PLC, he remained a shareholder until 2007 when he sold the rest for such a £ 25 million.
In 2001/02, the club was ninth, a relatively good place, led by Glenn Hoddle and lost in the final of the League Cup by the Blackburn Rovers. The following season, the club until February in the top six but dropped down to the end of the season to a tenth place.
On 8 november 2004 was appointed the Dutchman Martin Jol as coach of the Spurs. He was appointed in the summer of 2004 the ex-coach of the French national football team Jacques Santini on which a few days before was resigned after only 13 games.
The year 2005/06 was the best Premier League season in history, for six months, the club was in the top 4 and lost that position only on the last round to Arsenal by a 2-1 loss against West Ham United. The players played poorly and it was thought to food poisoning or virus outbreak. It was hoped the whole season on a participation in the Champions League but had to settle for the UEFA Cup, a return to European football that was well received by supporters.Robbie Keane is ready to take a penalty kick in theWhite Hart Lane Stadium.
Tottenham reached the quarterfinals and lost in it from eventual winner Sevilla FC. Also in 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/10 it played in the UEFA Cup and Europa Leaguehis successor. In the season 2009/10 the club became 4th in the Premier League just for Manchester City. This area will give right to play in the Champions League. This is for the first time in the history of the club.
- 1950-51, 1960-61
FA Cup 8 x
- Winner: 1901, 1921, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1981, 1982, 1991
- Finalist: 1987
League Cup 4 x
- Winner: 1971, 1973, 1999, 2008
- Finalist: 1982, 2002, 2009
Charity Shield (3) :
- Winner: 1920, 1951, 1961
2 x UEFA Cup
- Winner: 1972, 1984
- Finalist 1974
Tottenham Hotspur plays since 1961 in various European leagues. Below are the competitions and in what seasons the club participated:
- Champions League
- European Cup Football Club Tournament
- Europa League
- 2011/12, 2012/13, 2013/14
- Uefa Cup Winners ' Cup
- 1962/63, 1963/64, 1967/68, 1981/82, 1982/83, 1991/92
- UEFA Cup
- 1971/72, 1972/73, 1973/74, 1983/84, 1984/85, 1999/00, 2006/07, 2007/08, 2008/09
- Intertoto Cup
-  Gareth Bale
-  Simon Davies
-  Robbie Keane
-  Stephen Carr
-  Neil Sullivan
-  Pat Jennings
-  Danny Blanchflower
-  Eiður Guðjohnsen
-  Gylfi Sigurðsson
-  Luka Modrić
-  Vedran Ćorluka
-  Stipe Pletikosa
-  Niko Kranjčar
-  Espen Baardsen
-  Øyvind Leonhardsen
-  Erik Thorstvedt
-  Dimitar Berbatov
-  Gheorghe Popescu
-  Jürgen Klinsmann
-  Steffen Freund
-  David Ginola
-  Nayim
-  Ricardo Rocha
-  Milenko Ačimovič
-  Clint Dempsey
-  Brad Friedel
-  Osvaldo Ardiles
-  Steven Pienaar
-  Didier Zokora
-  Noureddine Naybet
-  Mounir El Hamdaoui
-  Frédéric Kanouté
-  Hossam Ghaly
-  Mido
-  Lee Young-pyo
-  Ronny Rosenthal