The name of the rose is the Dutch translation of the in 1980 by the Italian writer Umberto Eco Il nome della rosawritten book. The translation from Italian is by Jenny Pietha the Gardens and guardian. In 1986 is the story filmed as The Name of the Rose by Jean-Jacques Annaud with Sean Connery and Christian Slater in the lead roles.In 1999 the book was elected in Le Mondes 100 books of the century.
The novel "the name of the rose" is set in the middle ages. The book takes the form of a crime novel, situated within the walls of a Benedictine Abbey. As such, it is easily accessible to the reader, but, as usual with Umberto Eco, contains the book under the surface of the "detective story" many deeper layers and literary references.
In november of the year 1327 , the Franciscan Friar William of Baskerville by the German Emperor, Louis of Bavaria, sent to a Benedictine Abbey in Northern Italy. He has as mission to organise a Congress which will contribute Benedictine and Franciscan . There must be a solution to the ongoing conflict over poverty between the Franciscan friars and Pope John XXII. The story is told at the end of his life by the then young Benedictine novice Adson of milk, which were traveling with Secretary William as an apprentice.
On the first day of their stay and visit William Adson the Scriptorium under the library. The library, which is the pride of the monastery and contains thousands of manuscripts , is a labyrinth which only the librarian, Malachy of Hildesheim, has access to. Just before William and arrived in the monastery, the monk Adson Adelmo of Otranto found dead. The circumstances of his death are suspicious and the astute William begins a study on discrete way.
On the second day of their stay will be a corpse found. In a barrel, that the blood of a pasgeslacht pig, the dead body of Venantius of Salvemec discovered. It concerns a monk who also worked in the Scriptorium and Greek knew. William hits there so convinced that the library and Scriptorium play a central role in the mystery.
On the third day disappears another monk, help librarian Berenger. His corpse is found by the evening. He seems to be drowned, but William finds out that the monk has been poisoned. In the meantime Adson only on research in the library. He gets scared and flight. In the kitchens of the monastery he meets a girl from the neighbouring village that initiates him into the secrets of love.
On the fourth day the Franciscan friars to come before Congress. Bernardo Gui, prominent member of the Papal delegation, caught the Assistant Adson earlier together with the girl that Salvatore cellarius had seduced. They are accused of witchcraft and imprisoned.
On the fifth day starts the Congress. While everyone's attention is paid to the erudite meetings at the Conference, a new killing place. The herborist Severinus is with smashed skull found, after he has told about William right before that by him to found a mysterious manuscript. Bernardo Gui now also arrests the cellarius, Remigio of Varagine. The latter confesses doing hiding heretical manuscripts in the library. The murders in the Abbey he forcibly takes on his behalf. The Congress is also the failed and satisfied takes Bernardo Gui cellarius along for further trial to the Pope in Avignon. The Abbot and William are broken and stripped to look powerless.
On the sixth day the librarian Malachias falls down dead during a mass in the Abbey Church. While he examines the body, notes William on that three fingertips of the right hand are colored black. He previously had a similar phenomenon observed in the other deaths. This makes him suspect that the victims are poisoned. While looking at other clues are looking for, William discovered by mere thought the code to a closed passage, which gives access to the top-secret part of the library.
In the night between the sixth and the seventh day push for last by Adson and William in the library. Suddenly they hear someone who the asphyxiation death dies behind the wall. They discover a secret room and the sixth dead later proves to be the Abbot himself.
William and Mary Ann finally succeed in it solve the mystery. In the secret Centre of the library-labyrinth is a manuscript preserved. It is the second book of the Poetics of Aristotle, on the comedy, which one thought it was lost. Jorge William called it earlier in front of "the book of laughter". Discussion then revolved a juicy bit or Jesus Christ had ever laughed. Jorge of Burgos, the now blind ex-librarian, did not want the monks were aware of the content of this pagan manuscript and had it rubbed with deadly poison. The old spot in the labyrinth Jorge is revealed as but tries to out of the hands of the manuscript by William in poison-soaked pages of the book to eat and the library on fire. So goes the manuscript of Aristotle definitively lost and Jorge is the seventh dead. The library and then burn to the ground off the entire Abbey. As the Abbot on the first day already had predicted, the library can protect themselves.
The book ends as William and leave behind the burning Abbey Adson. After a futile trip through Italy, they take parting in Munich to see each other to never go back.
The book is an illustration of the scholastic way of thinking that developed from the thirteenth century. This way of thinking contrasts with the Mystic-religious worldview that by many of the monks in the monastery is adhered to. They believe that the wave of murders due to demonic forces. William of Baskerville refuses to settle for their superstition and tries to solve the mystery by reasoning and to use his common sense.
"In the beginning was the word" (John 1: 1) we read in the first lines of "the name of the rose" and indeed looks like the game of names, words and meanings to be the central theme of the book. This is expressed on the one hand in the line with which the novel ends and to which he: Stat rosa pristina nomine, takes its name from nomina nuda tenemus (the rose of formerly exists as a name, we keep about naked names).
The names theme is also reflected in the many allusions and word games we found in the names of the characters. In the names of William of Baskerville and Adson is a homage to Sherlock Holmes, main character from the "The Hound of the Baskervilles", his name is also based on William of Ockham, a medieval Franciscan friar and logician who among other name giver is by Occam's razor. The name Adson is reminiscent of that of Watson, but also to Adso of Montier-en-Der, a monk from the tenth century that a Libro de antichristo wrote. The name of the blind Seer Jorge of Burgos is an allusion to the Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges, who also went blind later in life and a story wrote about a labyrinthine library, the library of Babel (La biblioteca de Babel), on which Eco is based has.