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The Boys from Brazil is a American thriller from 1978 directed by Franklin j. Schaffner , starring Gregory Peck and Laurence Olivier.

The scenario of the film is based on the novel by Ira Levin.

The Boys from Brazil made despite the high production costs of $ 12 million, profit in the cinemas and spent $ 19 million on. the film was nominated for Academy Awardsfor best actor (Laurence Olivier), best editing (Robert Swink) and best film music (by Jerry Goldsmith). Gregory Peck was for his portrayal of Josef Mengele then again nominated for the Golden Globe for best actor. Olivier actually won a National Board of Review Award.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 Story

Story[Edit]Edit

Read warning: text below contains details about the content and/or the end of the story.

Student and amateur-nazi-Hunter Barry Koehler comes in Paraguay on the trail of a group of Nazis. This group, led by ex-camp doctor Josef Mengele, recreate the conditions for a new Adolf Hitler to gain power.Koehler are looking for contact with Ezra Lieberman (a role inspired by the Jewish nazi-Hunter Simon Wiesenthal) in good time to ensure that the group is dismantled. This failed and he is killed.

Lieberman keeps track and discovered in Europe and North America the last months middle-aged Government officials. They all turn out to be married with a much younger woman and a son aged about 13 to have that dark hair and blue eyes. All the boys want to later draw, paint, sculpt or make movies, and their father would prefer that they are going to do something with more certainty in their lives than that. it turns out that Mengele has created clones of Hitler and placed with families that are compositionally similar to the family in which Hitler had grown up. The task of the nazi murderers is to ensure that the ' fathers ' of the clone-Hitler's at the same age lose their lives as Hitler's father. Lieberman will by Mengele to stop not only prevent the creation of a new Hitler, but also the brutal murders of the innocent fathers.

The interest of the authorities and of Lieberman means that the Nazis end murders, but Mengele may not allow his life's work so to ruin is addressed, and takes the murders themselves hand. Mengele travels to the following address on the list in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, knowing that Lieberman also is underway to prevent the murder. Mengele kills the father, a dog breeder, and wait to kill him on to Lieberman. There is a fight in which Mengele appears to be on the winning side, but Lieberman in agony the dogs is released. Both Mengele as the wounded Lieberman can now no way, enclosed by the ferocious dobermanns.

When the son Bobby comes home State Mengele for the first time face to face with one of his creations and he must tend to speak with him ' mein Führer ' to suppress. Lieberman tells Bobby that Mengele has killed his father, on which Mengele Bobby tries to explain that he cloned from a ' great man ' and that ' a ' great future awaits him. Bobby believes him not and let the dogs attacks in revenge for the death of his father.

Lieberman consults with other nazi hunters, who want to kill the boys. Lieberman refuses this: these are just children. The film ends with Bobby that excited the photos of the damage caused by the dogs massacre develops.

Division Of Roles[Edit]Edit

Background[Edit]Edit

Actors[Edit]Edit

Initially it was intended that George c. Scott Mengele would play. But before the recordings started Scott stepped from the project and was replaced by Gregory Peck. That was remarkable because Peck never had played a villain. The actor prepared itself well for its role and studied hard on the German accent. Together with voice coach Bob Easton he practiced for six weeks to best ' English-German ' to speak. Peck was so busy with his role that he continued even beyond the set. He wore a picture of Mengele in his wallet and barked his wife at home. Who saw the humor well in clicked with her heels against each other, as German soldiers do that in Hollywood movies. Laurence Olivier played the role of Ezra Lieberman went to visit Simon Wiesenthal. The character was inspired by Simon Wiesenthal and Lieberman the last Olivier gave opinions on himself and the Jewish documentation centre in Vienna.

Recordings[Edit]Edit

The recordings took thirteen weeks between October 1977 and March 1978. It was filmed on location in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in the USA, Austria, Salzburg in Portugal in Lisbon, Vienna in Austria and England.The studio recordings took place in Workshops der Wien-Film G.m.b.H., Sievering, Vienna, Austria and Shepperton Studios, Shepperton, Surrey, England.

History and fiction[Edit]Edit

Read warning: text below contains details about the content and/or the end of the story.===Josef Mengele[Edit]===

War criminal Josef Mengele has really exist. Mengele lived in Brazil at the time of the recordings where he on 17 February 1979 would drown after a stroke in Bertioga. The message Mengele's's death would only be known in 1985. In 1938 was Mengele graduated as a doctor and had signed up for the Waffen-SS where he was assigned to the reserve Medical Department. During World War II, Mengele to the 5. SS PanzergrenadierDivision Wiking. In 1942 he was wounded and was sent back to Germany with the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer (similar to ' Captain ' in the army). In May 1943, Mengele as a physician-officer to the Auswitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp sent. Although he is not the highest doctor-officer, he was called the most notorious. Mengele was involved in the selection of prisoners on arrival in the camp.He determined who lived and who went to the gas chambers. Because he was always dressed in the selection in a white tunic and his outstretched arm the certain selection, he was called the ' white Angel '. Mengele conducted medical experiments on the survivors, where he had a preference for twins, because of genetic similarities. But also pregnant women and children were the victim. In the operations and experiments of Mengele never the victims were sedated and who was still alive after the experiments was shot or sent to the gas chambers. Advanced after the Russians liberated Auschwitz, Mengele fled to the East and to the West of Germany. He escaped to American captivity and escaped to South America. He is a fanatical nazi remained until his death. That Ira Levin Josef Mengele selected for the role of the mastermind behind the plot to Hitler to clone, is not entirely unfounded. Mengele had great interest in genetics and it has been rumored that he in South America has continued with experiments on twins. However, there are proofs for those rumors never found. But Levin could in principle give his imagination the wings, since around 1978 without trace was Mengele. That Mengele could be performed under his own name and not, for example, Simon Wiesenthal, also had to do with the fact that he is not to be found. The producers didn't have to be afraid of a claim for damages for libel.

Simon Wiesenthal Center[Edit]Edit

In the film, Josef Mengele haunted by an old man, Ezra Lieberman, a survivor of the nazi concentration camps. Lieberman has many similarities with Simon Wiesenthal (1908-2005). Wiesenthal, born in Austria, worked in Poland when the Germans and Russians invaded this country in september 1939. Initially he lived in the Russian sector, until the Germans were advancing to Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941 and in the direction of Moscow. Wiesenthal spent four and a half years long in different concentration camps, and was eventually released on May 5, 1945 by the Americans from the concentration camp Mauthausen.After the war he spent the rest of his life to the mapping of the places of escaped Nazis. On the basis of the information collected by Wiesenthal could be several fugitive Nazis rounded up and condemned. One of the war criminals who was arrested was Karl Silberbauer, an officer of the SD, and responsible for picking up Anne Frank and her family. Other important arrests concerned those of Franz Stangl, commandant of theTreblinka and Sobibor extermination camps and Hermine Braunsteiner in Majdanek extermination camp participated in killing thousands of women and children. Wiesenthal Center opened a Jewish historical documentation center in Linz and later a Jewish documentation centre in Vienna. Both centers provide information about war criminals from World War II.

Cloning[Edit]Edit

In the film wants to produce a clone of Adolf Hitler and Josef Mengele has decreased blood in World War II. Although cloning in plants for centuries is still controversial cloning in animals and humans. Only in 1996, via nuclear transfer a cloned animal, Dolly the sheep. Human cloning is still not on the agenda. In 1978 was cloning of humans and animals still really science fiction. It is interesting that the film focuses on the character development of the clone. Would it ever succeed in a clone, a genetic copy of a human being, that it is entirely possible that this clone will develop differently than the original. Only if the circumstances in which the clone grows up match the conditions under which the original was growing up can the clone develop as the original. Environment and upbringing play a large role. That is also the reason why, for example, identical twins not quite identical. In the film we see that Mengele attaches great importance to develop the same Hitler clones that are like the original. Hitler had a dominant father, officer of job and many years older than Hitler's mother, a mild-mannered woman who spoiled her son heavily. In the film we see how Mengele the foster fathers of his clones murdered at the same time as that Hitler's real father, Alois, died.

Awards and nominations[Edit]Edit

Academy Awards 1979[Edit]Edit

Nominations:

  • Best actor-Laurence Olivier
  • Best editing-Robert Swink
  • Best film music-Jerry Goldsmith

Golden Globe Awards 1979[Edit]Edit

Nominated: best actor in a drama film-Gregory Peck

Saturn Award 1979[Edit]Edit

Nomination Best Science Fiction Film Best Actor-Laurence Olivier Best Director-Franklin j. Schaffner best music Jerry Goldsmith-best actress in a supporting role-Uta Hagen best screenplay-Heywood Gould

National Board of Review Awards 1978[Edit]Edit

  • Best actor (Laurence Olivier)

Sources[Edit]Edit

  • Gerald Astor, ' Last Nazi: Life and Times of Doctor Joseph Mengele ', 1986
  • Terry Coleman, ' Olivier: The Authorized Biography ', 2005
  • John Griggs, ' The movies or Gregory Peck ', 1984
  • Steve Guttenberg, ' The Guttenberg Bible: A Memoir ', 2012
  • Laurence Olivier, ' Confessions of an Actor ', 1982.
  • Tom Segev, "Simon Wiesenthal: The Life and Legends ', 2010
  • Ulrich Völklein, ' Josef Mengele: Der Arzt von Auschwitz ', 1999

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