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Superman is an American superhero film from 1978. It was the first major movie which was about the character Superman. The film was distributed by Warner Bros. and directed by Richard Donner. The role of Superman was played by Christopher Reeve.

This film was recorded with Superman II, the sequel. This part came out in the cinemas in 1980. Then published two more volumes in 1983 and 1987, but a fifth part was cancelled. Superman Returns In 2006 came in the cinemas.

Superman was very successful. The film had a huge budget, but brought more than six times more than it had cost, $ 300.218.018. The image effects caused the film anAcademy Award for Best Visual Effects received.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 Story

Story[Edit]Edit

The film begins on the planet Krypton. Here is baby Kal-El with a spaceship sent to Earth by his father, Jor-El, seconds before the planet explodes. He also gives his son a green Crystal with it. The ship takes three years to reach the Earth. Once on Earth, Kal-El is found by the young Jonathan & Martha Kent, a couple from the rural village of Smallville. They adopt him as their son and call him Clark Kent.

In the following years show that Clark has superhuman gifts. He is abnormally strong and can run much faster than a normal person. He keeps this forces hidden from others. After Jonathan dies of heart attack finds Clark in the barn of his childhood home the Green crystal. The Crystal makes a sound that only he can hear, and he realizes that it's time to discover his destiny. The Crystal leads Clark to the North Pole, where it gives rise to a large fort from the Arctic ice. In this fort Clark Gets a hologram version of Jor-El to hear why he is sent to Earth.

12 years long trains Clark in this fort in order to learn to control his forces. Then he comes out dressed in a red/blue costume with the symbol of his Krypton Family on his chest. The now adult Clark goes to the city ofmetropolis, where he finds work as a journalist at the "Daily Planet". There he works together with journalist Lois Lane, with whom he had a romantic relationship. He starts to use his powers to help mankind but make sure to remain unknown. So he saves Lois Lane by a crashing helicopter and performed countless other feats. Lois, which, on the one hand, the romantic overtures by Ken Clark vehemently rejects, is on the other side though deeply impressed by his alter-ego, the handsome hero. She writes an article about him in which she gives him an appropriate name: Superman.

Someone who is not happy with supermans coming is billionaire Lex Luthor, secretly a villain. He is doing a great plan to make himself master of the whole American west coast. He has bought a large piece of cheap land in the West of the United States. Now he wants to cause an earthquake that will do all the current west coast into the sea disappear, leaving lex's country is the new west coast automatically and thus will increase in value tremendously. He Reprograms the earthquake to make a rocket of the u.s. military so that it will hit the San Andreas fault .

After doing some research found out Luthor supermans only weakness: Kryptonite. He lures Superman to his hiding place, and then clear it out with the Kryptonite. Then he goes on with his plan. Luthor's Assistant, Eve Teschmacher/the Netherlands, however, fears that her mother killed in Luthor's earthquake will also plan. She frees Superman from the Kryptonite so he can stop Luthor. Superman manages to stop the earthquake, but can not prevent Lois Lane killed by falling rocks. In order to save Superman flies her around the Earth with such great speed that he travel back in time. So he can stop the avalanche stone on time.At the end of the movie delivers Luthor and Superman are Sidekick off in prison.

Division Of Roles[Edit]Edit

Actor Character
Marlon Brando Jor-El
Gene Hackman Lex Luthor
Christopher Reeve Clark Kent / Superman
Margot Kidder Lois Lane
Ned Beatty Otis
Jackie Cooper Perry White
Marc McClure Jimmy Olsen
Glenn Ford Jonathan Kent
Phyllis Thaxter Martha Kent
Valerie Perrine Eve Teschmacher/The Netherlands
Maria Schell Found-Ah
Susannah York Lara Lor-Van
Terence Stamp General Zod
Sarah Douglas Ursa
Jack O'Halloran Non
Jeff East The young Clark Kent
Diane Sherry Lana Lang

Background[Edit]Edit

Development[Edit]Edit

Ilya Salkind first came in 1973 with the idea to make a movie about Superman. In 1974, after lengthy negotiations with DC Comics, he knew, his father Alexander Salkind, and their partner Pierre Spengler on the film rights to obtain the character. DC also gave his approval to the choices for Muhammad AliAl PacinoJames CaanSteve McQueenClint Eastwood and Dustin Hoffman as a possible actors for the film.

Ilya wanted Steven Spielberg as Director, but Alexander was here skeptical about. When Spielberg movie Jaws still proved a great success he got charge of Superman, but Spielberg had to turn down because he had already signed as a Director for Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Among other Guy Hamilton and Mark Robson were still temporarily as potential Director involved in the project, before final choice fell onRichard Donner. He was in January 1977 at a cost of $ 1 million hired as Director for both Superman and Superman II.

Ilya and Alexander were from the beginning been planning to closely to two movies that had to close. Mario Puzo delivered In July 1975 the first scenario for both films. His story, however, was deemed too long, so were Robert Benton and David Newman hired to rewrite the script. They completed their work in July 1976. When Donner came in the project, however, he wanted to shoot. He hired Tom Mankiewicz in to write the screenplay.

The choice for the role of Superman proved to be troublesome, since the producers no known actor managed to lace up for the role. More than 200 novice or unknown actors auditioned for the role. Christopher Reeve was initially seen as too young and too skinny to play a convincing superman, but got the role after becoming the producers and Director showed that he had talent. However, for the role he had to do strength training and a special suit wearing that gave him a more muscular appearance.

Recordings[Edit]Edit

The filming of Superman began on 24 March 1977 and were completed in October 1978. The scenes of Krypton were recorded at Pinewood and Shepperton Studios. New York City was used for recording on location. The recordings here lasted 5 weeks.

During the recording the emotions ran high on regularly between Donner and the producers. Also threatened "superman II" to be ready earlier than the original movie, thus producing that movie still had to be put and the crew could focus fully on the first film. This brought a risk; as Superman would be a flop, would never be completed Superman II. Therefore it was decided to be the first film to give a closed end instead of the planned Cliffhanger that had to form the connection to Superman II.

Effects[Edit]Edit

The film was made even before computer animation was introduced in the film world. Therefore, the film known to a lot of new techniques were applied for the action scenes. For the flying scenes of Superman were differently techniques tried, including a doll that was shot out of a cannon and very detailed drawings. Eventually a technique chosen in which the position of the camera woke up the illusion that Superman flew.

Music[Edit]Edit

Jerry Goldsmith, who previously had composed the music for Donner's The OmenSuperman was first approached to provide music. Some pieces of his music can be heard in the trailer for the film. Goldsmith completed his work, however, not because of conflicts with the producers, and took his work on John Williams .

The film had a song should contain: "Can You Read My Mind". Donner found the text none and let the song change to a instrumental.

Reception[Edit]Edit

The premiere of the film was scheduled for June 1978, but this was delayed six months due to problems during production.

The film grossed $ 300.22 million worldwide, making it the second most successful movie ever was on 5. Reviews from critics were full of praise. On Rotten Tomatoes the film 94% positive rating. Roger Ebert praised the film and especially the choice of Reeve as protagonist.

Things Worth Knowing[Edit]Edit

  • It was the idea that Marlon Brando 's Jor-El would bear the "S" symbol on the scenes on Krypton.
  • Marlon Brando taught his text for the film never. He read it on from boards that were on the set.
  • Superman (I) was the first film with a surround soundtrack.
  • DC Comics held the The Great Superman Movie Contest for recording the movie. Two teenagers, Edward Finneran and Tim Hussey won this contest. In return, they got a part in the movie. They are seen in the scene when Clark can be seen as the manager of the football team of the school.
  • Kirk Alyn and Noel Neill, the actors of Superman and Lois Lane in a series of short films from 1948, have cameos.
  • In 2000, the film specifically for a new dvdversion completely restored.

Awards and nominations[Edit]Edit

Superman is received has the following awards and nominations:

1978:

  • A "Best Cinematography Award".

1979:

1980:

  • Grammy Award for "Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special"- won

2001:

2002:

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