Stavanger ([sta ˈ vaŋər]?) is a municipality and a city in the southwest of Norway and the capital of the province of Rogaland. Stavanger is the center of the oil industry in Norway and knows since the seventies of the twentieth century a huge growth. The area has a maritime climate, with plenty of rainfall and the entire year, the average temperature is above freezing.
In the middle of the city is a small part of the old Stavanger preserved: Gamle Stavanger. In the Center is the Lutheran Cathedral Stavanger.
- 2 administrative divisions
- Economy 3
- 4 tourism, traffic and transportation
- Sport and culture 5
- 6 born in Stavanger
- 7 twin towns — sister cities
The city owes its existence to the establishment of a diocese in the early twelfth century. As origin of Stavanger is the year 1125 held. The first bishop then began the construction of the Cathedral, the oldest stone Church in Norway. Moreover, it is assumed that Stavanger already for that time also served as a Center for the region.
Although Stavanger obtained City rights in 1425 remained a relatively modest place. Around 1600 the city had even less than 1000 inhabitants. In the seventeenth century, Stavanger twice hit by major fires. In addition, the city lost the Episcopal seat to Kristiansand in that period quickly developed into the center of the South.
It was only in the nineteenth century there has been some growth. The city benefits from the growth in the fisheries (mainly herring) and shipping. There is an industrial development, with conservation, especially of fish products, an important sector. The city grows by almost 4000 inhabitants at the beginning of the nineteenth century to 36,000 at the end of the century.
Although the city remained Stavanger bishopric was no more, a city with a religious slant. In 1818, the first Quaker in Stavanger commune founded in Norway, also the firstshipment from Norway, Det Norske Misjonsselskap was founded in the city. In 1925 the city was additionally again Bishop's seat for the Norwegian State Church.
In 1969 was first oil found in the bottom of the North Sea. That find was cause for an extensive debate in Norway which city would be the center of the oil industry. The main candidates were Kristiansand and Stavanger. The final choice for Stavanger was the beginning of a boom for the city.
The municipality itself has 130.754 (2014) inhabitants. The agglomeration includes the surrounding municipalities Sola and Sandnes, Randaberg has almost 240,000 inhabitants. Also Krossberg is a village in the municipality of Stavanger.PortGamle Stavanger, the old StavangerLutheran Cathedral StavangerStavangermuseumBoroughs of Stavanger
The choice for Stavanger as a Center for the oil industry meant that this is the most important economic sector. Norway is one of the largest oil producers in the world.StatoilHydro, the partially privatised Norwegian State company, has its Headquarters in the city. Also most foreign oil companies have their Norwegian branch in Stavanger. The supply for the oil rigs in the North Sea also creates a lot of employment. Stavanger is a port.
The canning industry, to in the fifties of the twentieth century the main industry, is now totally gone. Only a museum still reminds of the bloom of this industry.
As capital of the city knew a significant service sector. That sector was further stimulated by the creation of a College in 1969, which obtained the status of University in 2005: the University of Stavanger.
Stavanger is now a modern city. Just outside the city, on the South side, is the only part of Norway that is flat. Here are a number of beaches. Just north of the city begins the Boknafjord and the Lysefjord, one of the most beautiful fjords of Norway, with the famous rock the Preikestolen.
Air traffic to and from Stavanger is about the Stavanger airport Sola, the oldest and third largest airport of Norway. The Sørlandsbanen railway line runs from Oslo to Stavanger. Stavanger is accessible via the E39.
Stavanger has several museums, including the Stavangermuseum, located in Old Stavanger, the archaeological museum, which is one of five archaeological museums in Norway, and the Norwegian Petroleum museum, located at the port.
The most important sport in Stavanger is football. The local pride plays in the Viking FK Viking Stadium. The team was eight times Dutch champion and won theNorwegian Football Cupfive times. In 2010 a covered ice rink was opened in the city.
- Cornelis Cruys (1655-1727), half-Dutch Vice Admiral of the Russian fleet
- Reidar Kvammen (1914-1998), football player and Manager
- Jan Egeland (1957), politician and United Nations diplomat
- Erik Thorstvedt (1962), football player
- Frode Olsen (1967), football player
- Kristoffer Joner (1972), actor
- Kathrine Maaseide (1976), beach volleyball star
- Erik Nevland (1977), footballer
- Carmen Elise Espenæs (1983), singer
- Trond Erik Bertelsen (1984), footballer
- Tonje Nøstvold (1985), handball star
- Camilla Herrem (1986), handball star
Stavanger has friendship ties with the following places: