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Henry "Red" Allen, born Henry James Allen, Jr., ( New Orleans , January 7 1908 - New York , April 17 1967 ) was an American jazz musician and one of the most important trumpet players from the swing period. He led several smaller bands and took apart trumpet also vocals on his behalf.

Allen Jr. was in Algiers, a neighborhood of New Orleans, born the son of Henry Allen, the leader of the Allen Brass. Young Allen also played in the orchestra of his father before he in 1927 got a place in King Oliver's big band. In 1927 King Oliver took him to New York for a recording. He also replaced his almost namesake Ed Allen at Clarence Williams . Once back in New Orleans, he went out at night to play back in the district Storyville and the day on the boats of the Mississippi (1928-1929). Afterwards, he returned to New York and played in Luis Russell 's band in New York between 1929-1932. Allen was part of the big band of Fletcher Henderson (1933-1934) and by Mills Blue Rhythm Band (1934-1937) before he started playing again at Russells band. Louis Armstrong he accompanied in 1937-1940. Following a number of appearances for the New York nightclub Dixieland (1954-1965), he began to regularly sing. In the later years of his career ( fiftiesand sixties ) was his name on the posters as a sideman of Kid Ory , as a leader of a group that Coleman Hawkins played in, and co-bandleader with Pee Wee Russell .

Allen continued to play until his death in 1967 as a result of pancreatic cancer .

Red Allen is indeed a student of the elder Louis Armstrong, but his game is different from Satchmo, with a complex rhythm, alternating crescendo 's and decrescendos, glissandos programs and a variety of tones and inflections. "He is the most creative and avant-garde trumpeter in New York," said Don Ellis . His influence is evident in later as trumpeters Roy Eldridge and Harry Edison .

Discography Edit

  • World on a String (originally "Ride, Red, Ride in Hi-Fi")
  • The College Concert with Pee Wee Russell (Impulse !, 1966)
  • Jazz Standards and Warhorses, with Coleman Hawkins (Jass Records CD version 1987)

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