One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is a 1975 American drama film directed by Miloš Forman, based on the 1962 novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest byKen Kesey, and starring Jack Nicholson, Louise Fletcher, and Will Sampson. The supporting cast features William Redfield, Brad Dourif, Danny DeVito,Christopher Lloyd, and Scatman Crothers.
The film was the second to win all five major Academy Awards (Best Picture, Actor in Lead Role, Actress in Lead Role, Director, and Screenplay) following It Happened One Night in 1934, an accomplishment not repeated until 1991 by The Silence of the Lambs.
Randle P. McMurphy Troublemaker (played in the film by Jack Nicholson ) is in a psychiatric hospital. He has deliberately namely as mentally ill occurred hoping to serve his prison sentence in relative comfort. There he fought the authoritarian rule of Nurse Ratched ( Louise Fletcher ) to. It starts with simple harassment of perversity, but McMurphy discovered two things that give it a more serious tone.
Firstly, Ratched abuse its authority and will not tolerate any contradiction. She maintains that authority among other patients to play against each other, humiliate or hand out light sentences. Severe cases are punished with electroshock therapy and lobotomies . Secondly McMurphy discovers that he may pass away as the doctors and Ratched him "cured" state, regardless of imprisonment imposed by the court.
In a staff meeting discussed what should be done with McMurphy. Some doctors see no signs of mental illness and proposes to send him to another institution or back to prison. Ratched rejects this and says that "simply by sliding problems." In reality, she likes him and other patients learn who the boss is here.
With his charisma and conviction McMurphy knows his hall enjoyed from their lethargy pick. The climax is an independent outing of patients and a riotous party at the department with some women from outside, both prepared and organized by McMurphy. This causes a psychological breakthrough at all. The consequences of this action are dramatic.
Faced with the chaos Ratched ordains counting patients. This makes it clear that a patient is absent. This appears to be Billy, who is found with one of the girls who had brought McMurphy in bed. Billy is welcomed and laughs Ratched in her face. Nurse Ratched, who can not let go of her hand to her authority this challenge, this threatens his mother immediately. Billy begs her not to do this, but Nurse Ratched is unrelenting and says that he should have, but rather think of the consequences. Unable to deal with all of this in an unguarded moment Billy commits suicide. After McMurphy sees what Nurse Ratched his friend has done it explodes in a violent outburst and strangles Nurse Ratched. She survives this attack narrowly, but McMurphy is removed again for punishment, this time to a lobotomy to undergo.
The book ends with the outbreak of the Chief. This will not leave McMurphy and his decision to become friend with greenhouse plant to deliver a kiss from his suffering. With an enormous effort he lifts then a sink unit from the ground and throws it through an armored window, on the way to freedom in Canada. Nurse Ratched remains department sister, but by the strangulation of McMurphy she can not raise her voice. It is therefore no longer the tyrant who she once was.
Novel and play Edit
The screenplay is an adaptation of the novel by the American writer Ken Kesey. The playwright Dale Wasserman was also a play by. This piece has been performed in the Netherlands under the direction of Hans Croiset including actors Victor Löw (McMurphy) and Simone Kleinsma (Ratched). This piece has been nominated for the Theatre Audience Award . In Flanders played the then Mechelen Miniature Theatre this piece.
Influence and impact Edit
In addition to a critique of the methods in psychiatry in the 1950s, such as electroconvulsive therapy and lobotomy, there is in the book an extra critical social layer on the treatment of Indians in America. The Indian Chief Bromden character plays in the book a more important role than in the filming. In the Dutch part Chief Bromden has a narrator-like role.
The film won five Oscars , for best film, best actor, best actress, best director and best screenplay in 1976.
Roles of the movie Edit
Actor Personage Jack Nicholson Randle Patrick McMurphy Louise Fletcher Nurse Mildred "Big Nurse" Ratched Will Sampson Chief Bromden William Redfield Dale Harding Christopher Lloyd Max Taber Brad Dourif Billy Bibbit Dean R. Brooks Dr. John Spivey Scatman Crothers Orderly Turkle Danny DeVito Martini William Duell Jim Sefelt Michael Berryman Ellis