The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is located in Manhattan in New York and is one of the leading museums of modern and contemporary art in the world. The collection consists of 20th century painting and sculpture of the 20th century, movies and photos and an extensive collection of books.
The MoMA is located near the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which exhibits a significantly wider art spectrum.
- 2 the building
- 3 some of the highlights from the collection
- 4 Currents
- 5 Collection
- 6 Department of painting
- 7 Paintings at the Museum of Modern Art
- 8 modern art at the Museum of Modern Art
- 9 Department of sculpture
- 10 see also
- 11 external links
The idea for a museum that is exclusively dedicated to collecting and exhibiting modern art was formed in 1928. It applies in this respect as the oldest and most important museum of modern and contemporary art in the world. It was given shape by the patronage of wealthy citizens like Abby Aldrich Rockefeller who wanted to dispel the traditional hegemony of the museums of fine arts. This group of enlightened citizens dreamed to enthuse the audience for the new art movements that changed the art thoroughly. The museum was in her first case opened in 1929 and started with an exhibition with works by Vincent van Gogh, Salvador Dalí, Paul Gauguin, Paul Cézanneand Georges Seurat. The idea had such success that it got an echo over time in all major cities in the world. The MOMA-collection includes more than 150 000 in 2007 paintings, images and photos, 22 000 films and film stills and 300 000 books.
Collection highlights such as the starry night by Vincent van Gogh, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp 's bicycle wheel can you see on a daily basis. The museum also preserves work of Belgian artists such as René Magritte, James Ensor, Marcel Broodthaers and Luc Tuymans.
The building was designed in the international style by the modernist architects Philip s. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone and opened to the public in 1939. Around the year 2000, there is a large-scale renovation place. The design was by the Japanese architect Yoshio Taniguchi. Parts of the collection were sent on tour ' in this period ", so that in the year 2004 two hundred of the most important works in the collection were in the new National Gallery in Berlin.
The most important art movements and painting styles in the Museum of Modern Art are:
The collection consists of several departments such as:
The museum has a collection of paintings and a large number of leading (masterpieces) from well known painters, especially from the 19th and 20th century. The paintings are by artists from around the world, including:
- Francis Bacon
- Paul Cézanne
- Vincent van Gogh
- Edward Hopper
- Jasper Johns
- Piet Mondrian
- Claude Monet
- Pablo Picasso
- Jackson Pollock
- Georges Seurat
- Andy Warhol
- Salvador Dalí
Examples of some paintings by well-known artists are:
- The Bather (1885) by Paul Cézanne
- Evening (1886) by Georges Seurat
- The starry night (1889) by Vincent van Gogh
- Water Lilies by Claude Monet
- Henri Matisse 's Dance
- Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) by Pablo Picasso
- Composition VIII (the cow) (1918?), rhythm of a Russian dance (1918) and Simultaneous contra-composition (1930) by Theo van Doesburg
- Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942-1943) by Piet Mondrian
- Painting (1946) by Francis Bacon
In addition to the aforementioned modern art are located in the collection also includes works of art from the postmodern period and important contemporary works of art by artists such as Roby Horn, Yogesh Shaw,Marlene Dumas and Luc Tuymans.
The MoMA were formerly the large and well-known work Guernica by Pablo Picasso, until this anti-fascist work terugkon to a democratic Spain in 1986. Now it hangs in the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofíain Madrid.
- Alexander Archipenko
- Umberto Boccioni
- Constantin Brâncuși
- Marcel Duchamp
- Wilhelm Lehmbruck
- Jacques Lipchitz
- Aristide Maillol
- Henri Matisse
- Auguste Rodin
- Medardo Rosso
The museum has room for bookstores, restaurants and there is an educational Department. There is a documentation center for modern art. Tours can be followed e.g. by means of an audio tour.