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Template:About Template:Use mdy dates Template:Infobox television

Murder, She Wrote is an American crime drama television series starring Angela Lansbury as mystery writer and amateur detective Jessica Fletcher.[1][2] The series aired for 12 seasons with 264 episodes from 1984 to 1996 on the CBS network. It was followed by four TV films and an unsuccessful spin-off series, which was produced in 1987, The Law & Harry McGraw.[3] It is one of the most successful and longest-running television shows in history, averaging close to 26 million viewers per week in its prime, and was a staple of the CBS Sunday night lineup for a decade.[4] In syndication, the series is still highly successful throughout the world.

Lansbury was nominated for ten Golden Globes and 12 Emmy Awards for her work on Murder, She Wrote. She holds the record for the most Golden Globe nominations and wins for Best Actress in a television drama series and the most Emmy nominations for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series for Murder, She Wrote, with those nominations netting her four Golden Globe awards. The series received three nominations but no wins in the Outstanding Drama Series category at the Emmys. It was nominated for a Golden Globe in the same category six times and won twice.

After the series finished in 1996, four TV movies were released between 1997 and 2003. In 2009, a point-and-click video game was released for the PC platform,[5] followed in 2012 by a sequel.[6] A spin-off book series, written by Donald Bain, continues publication at present.

HistoryEdit

OriginEdit

Template:Moresources Series producers Peter S. Fischer, Richard Levinson and William Link thought Lansbury would be perfect for the part of Jessica Fletcher but did not think that she would be interested in a television series. Earlier, she had acted in two film adaptations of Agatha Christie's mystery novels: as Salome Otterbourne in Death on the Nile and as the famous sleuth Miss Marple in The Mirror Crack'd (1980). When the latter film did poorly—despite an all star cast including Rock Hudson, Elizabeth Taylor, Kim Novak, and Tony Curtis—the offer for Lansbury to reprise Miss Marple in three more films never materialized.[7]

When she made it known she would be available if the right project came along, the trio of creators sent her the script and almost immediately, Lansbury felt she could do something with the role of Jessica Fletcher. With Murder, She Wrote debuting on Sunday, September 30, 1984, the producers were able to parlay their "mystery writer/amateur detective" premise into a 12-year hit for CBS. It also made Lansbury, known previously for her motion picture and Broadway stage work, a household name for millions of television viewers. The title comes from Murder, She Said, which was the title of a 1961 film adaptation of Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel 4:50 from Paddington.

PremiseEdit

The show revolves around the day-to-day life of Jessica Fletcher, a childless, widowed, retired English teacher who becomes a successful mystery writer. Despite fame and fortune, Jessica remains a resident of Cabot Cove, a small coastal community in Maine, and maintains her links with all of her old friends, never letting her success go to her head. Exterior shots of Cabot Cove were filmed in Mendocino, California. The fictional "Cabot Cove" name for the series' coastal town was derived from the name of an actual bay harbor inlet in Kennebunkport, Maine, located near the town's center, on the road where motels and lobster shack dives are located.

The show mostly starts with a preview of the episode's events, with Jessica stating: "Tonight On Murder, She Wrote..." Jessica invariably proves more perceptive than the official investigators of a case, who are almost always willing to arrest the most likely suspect. By carefully piecing the clues together and asking astute questions, she always manages to trap the real murderer. Murder occurred with such regularity in her vicinity that the term "Cabot Cove syndrome" was coined to describe the constant appearance of dead bodies in remote locations. Indeed, if Cabot Cove existed in real life, it would top the FBI's national crime statistics in numerous categories, with some analysis suggesting that the homicide rate in Cabot Cove exceeds even that of the real-life murder capital of the world.[8] Fan theories have even arisen that Jessica herself is murdering these people since there is no better explanation for the sheer number of murders she encounters throughout the long run of the series besides her involvement in all of them.[9]

Jessica's relationship with law enforcement officials varies from place to place. Both sheriffs of Cabot Cove resign themselves to having her meddle in their cases. However, most detectives and police officers do not want her anywhere near their crime scenes, until her accurate deductions convince them to listen to her. Some are happy to have her assistance from the start, often because they are fans of her books. With time, she makes friends in many police departments across the U.S., as well as with a British police officer attached to Scotland Yard. At the start of season eight, more of the stories were set in New York City with Jessica moving into an apartment there part-time in order to teach criminology.

EndingEdit

File:Angela Lansbury.jpg

By August 1988, when Lansbury expressed weariness of her commitment, the series was expected to end in May 1989. Nevertheless, she continued in the role, with a few changes made. For the next two seasons, Lansbury reduced her appearances in several episodes, only appearing at the beginning and the end, to introduce stories starring several friends of Jessica, like PI Harry McGraw, reformed thief Dennis Stanton or MI5 agent Michael Hagarty. The "experiment" ended in 1991.[10]

By the end of the 1994–95 season, Murder, She Wrote's 11th season, CBS moved the network's then-longest-running weekly series to Thursday nights at 8 p.m. This put the series in direct competition with the first hour of NBC's Must See TV lineup, which had been drawing the highest ratings of the week for any network for years. Despite protests of many of the show's fans (who believed CBS was intentionally setting the show up to fail in its new timeslot), CBS refused to budge on the new timeslot. Murder, She Wrote plummeted from eighth to 58th in the yearly ratings; the series lost nearly 6 million viewers as the audience was not willing to follow it to Thursday, which left CBS with little choice but to end Murder, She Wrote after 12 seasons in August 1996.

To soften the blow, the network agreed to air the final four episodes in its original Sunday night timeslot, as well as commission four Murder, She Wrote movies over the next few years: the first was South by Southwest (1997), with three more following as A Story to Die For (2000), The Last Free Man (2001), and The Celtic Riddle (2003).[11]

Lansbury stated in May 2011 that she would like to make a comeback appearance as Jessica Fletcher.[12]

However, in a 2015 interview, Lansbury quashed the idea of reprising the much beloved character stating, "I think it would be a downer. In some way, we’d have to show her as a much older woman, and I think it’s better to maintain that picture we have in our mind’s eye of her as a vigorous person. I’m still pretty vigorous, especially in the garden … but if I wanted to transform myself back into the woman I looked like then, it would be ridiculous. And I can't do that."[13]

CastEdit

Regular castEdit

  • Angela Lansbury as Jessica Fletcher (1984–1996; 263 episodes), a retired English teacher who, after being widowed in her early fifties, becomes a very successful mystery writer.
  • William Windom as Dr. Seth Hazlitt (1985–1996; 49 episodes), the local doctor of Cabot Cove and one of Jessica's best friends and most intrepid supporters. There is a hint that Dr. Hazlitt may want to be more than a platonic friend but this possibility was never explored. In the season one finale, Windom portrayed Sam Breen, a lawyer who jointly murdered the victim in that episode.
  • Tom Bosley as Sheriff Amos Tupper (1984–1988; 19 episodes), Cabot Cove's sheriff at the start of the series. Tupper later retires and goes to live with his sister.
  • Ron Masak as Sheriff Mort Metzger (1988–1996; 38 episodes), a former NYPD officer who takes Tupper's place as sheriff in the mistaken belief that he would be living in a more peaceful place. His unseen wife, Adele, a former Marine capable of prodigious acts of strength, teaches self-defense classes. In an earlier episode, Masak portrayed a different character, a store owner in trouble with the IRS, trying to get out of trouble by selling his business. He also portrayed a police officer investigating the murder of an author in another season one episode.
  • Louis Herthum as Deputy Andy Broom (1991–1996, 25 episodes)

Recurring castEdit

  • Michael Horton as Grady Fletcher (1984–1995; 12 episodes), Jessica's not-so-lucky favorite nephew, who (through no fault of his own) always seems to get in trouble with the law. After many romantic disasters, he gets married later in the series. In real life, Horton is married to actress Debbie Zipp, who played Grady's eventual wife, Donna Mayberry, on several episodes. (The two were married before working together on Murder, She Wrote.)
  • Jerry Orbach as Harry McGraw (1985–1991; 6 episodes), an old-school private investigator who becomes friends with Jessica. Orbach was popular enough to garner his own, short-lived spin-off series in 1987, The Law & Harry McGraw.
  • Len Cariou as Michael Hagarty (1985–1992; 7 episodes), a British MI5 agent who would appear when Jessica least expected him to drag her into a dangerous case. Cariou had previously starred with Lansbury on Broadway in Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street as the titular character.
  • Richard Paul as Sam Booth (1986–1991; 7 episodes), the genial, ineffectual mayor of Cabot Cove whose main campaign promise is that he will do nothing, and that's exactly why the people of Cabot Cove vote for him.
  • Julie Adams as Eve Simpson (1987–1993; 10 episodes), the Cabot Cove realtor with a great love for men, both single and married, and for gossiping.
  • Ruth Roman as Loretta Speigel (1987–1989; 3 episodes), Cabot Cove's lovelorn hairdresser, also an inveterate gossip.
  • Keith Michell as Dennis Stanton (1988–1993; 9 episodes), a suave English former jewel thief turned insurance claims investigator, who always solves his cases using unusual methods, and often sends a copy of the story to Jessica afterwards. Stanton's assistant, Rhoda, who appeared in most or all of the Stanton-related episodes, was played by Hallie Todd. Many of the episodes starring Michell do not involve Jessica, and usually begin with her introducing the story to the audience invoking the fourth wall.
  • Wayne Rogers as Charlie Garrett (1993–1995; 5 episodes), a disreputable private investigator who usually gets into trouble and needs Jessica's help.
  • Claude Akins as Ethan Cragg (1984; 4 episodes), Jessica's fisherman friend.
  • Herb Edelman as Artie Gelber (1984-1995, 10 episodes), a NYPD Lieutenant and Jessica's friend.

Guest starsEdit

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EpisodesEdit

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Crossover with Magnum, P.I.Edit

Template:See also The episode of Magnum, P.I. entitled "Magnum on Ice" concludes a crossover that begins on the earlier Magnum, P.I. episode "Novel Connection". In the episode's plot, Jessica comes to Hawaii to investigate an attempt to murder Robin Masters' guests, then tries to clear Magnum when he's accused of killing the hitman.Template:Citation needed

Awards and nominationsEdit

Over its twelve-year run Murder, She Wrote received numerous award nominations. Lansbury herself holds the record for the most Emmy nominations for outstanding lead actress in a drama series with twelve, one for each season. She never won, which is also a record. Mary Dodson, the art director for 102 of the series' 264 episodes, received three Emmy nominations for her work on Murder, She Wrote.[14]

Group Award Year(s) Result
Emmy Awards Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series (Angela Lansbury) 1985–96 Template:Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (John Addison) 1985[15] Template:Won
Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Bruce Babcock) 1993, 1995 Template:Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design for a Series (Alfred E. Lehman) 1986[15] Template:Won
Golden Globe Awards Best TV Series – Drama 1985, 1986 Template:Won
Best TV Series – Drama 1987–90 Template:Nominated
Best Performance by an Actress in a TV Series – Drama (Angela Lansbury) 1985, 1987, 1990 & 1992 Template:Won
Best Performance by an Actress in a TV Series – Drama (Angela Lansbury) 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993 & 1995 Template:Nominated
Edgar Awards Best Episode of a TV Series ("Deadly Lady") 1985 Template:Won
Best Episode of a TV Series ("The Dead File") 1993 Template:Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Awards Best Performance by an Actress in a TV Series – Drama (Angela Lansbury) 1995 Template:Nominated

U.S. television ratingsEdit

Murder, She Wrote maintained extremely high ratings finishing in the top 15 of shows for eleven of its 12 seasons (eight of which it was in the top 10), even well into its late seasons. By its 11th season, Murder, She Wrote was still averaging 25 million viewers per week. However, at the beginning of its 12th season in 1995, CBS moved the show from its extremely popular Sunday night time slot to Thursday night forcing it to compete with NBC's Must See TV line up, and as a result the ratings plummeted. The show rated as the following:

Television ratings
Season Episodes Time slot (ET) Season premiere Season finale Rank Rating
1 1984–85 22 Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 1, 3-23)
Sunday at 9:00 pm (Episode 2)
September 30, 1984 April 21, 1985 #8[16] 20.1
2 1985–86 22 Sunday at 8:00 pm September 29, 1985 May 18, 1986 #3[17] 25.3
3 1986–87 22 September 28, 1986 May 10, 1987 #4[18] 25.4
4 1987–88 22 September 20, 1987 May 8, 1988 #4[19] 20.2
5 1988–89 22 October 23, 1988 May 21, 1989 #8[20] 19.9
6 1989–90 22 September 24, 1989 May 20, 1990 #13[21] 17.7
7 1990–91 22 September 16, 1990 May 12, 1991 #12[22] 16.4
8 1991–92 22 September 15, 1991 May 17, 1992 #8[23] 16.9
9 1992–93 22 September 20, 1992 May 16, 1993 #5[24] 17.7
10 1993–94 21 September 12, 1993 May 22, 1994 #11[25] 16.0
11 1994–95 21 September 25, 1994 May 14, 1995 #8[26] 15.6
12 1995–96 24 Thursday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 1-12, 14-17, 19-20)
Sunday at 8:00 pm (Episodes 13, 18, 21-24)
September 21, 1995 May 19, 1996 #58[27] 9.50

Abandoned rebootEdit

Deadline Hollywood reported in October 2013 that NBC was planning a reboot of the series, starring Oscar-winning actress Octavia Spencer as a "hospital administrator and amateur sleuth who self-publishes her first mystery novel."[28]

Lansbury commented that she was not a fan of using the title, saying "I think it's a mistake to call it 'Murder, She Wrote,' because 'Murder, She Wrote' will always be about Cabot Cove and this wonderful little group of people who told those lovely stories and enjoyed a piece of that place, and also enjoyed Jessica Fletcher, who is a rare and very individual kind of person." Early on it was decided by producers that Spencer's character would not be named Jessica Fletcher, for only Lansbury could play Jessica Fletcher.[29] It was announced on January 21, 2014, that the reboot would not be going forward.[30]

International syndicationEdit

Since its original run on CBS, Murder, She Wrote has been syndicated in many countries around the world.

Country Channel(s) Title Literal translation Language
Template:Flagicon Argentina - Reportera del crimen Crime Reporter Spanish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Australia Nine Network,
Network Ten,
TV1,
GO!,
GEM,
111 Greats,
FOX Classics,
ABC,
13th Street
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Austria ORF,
Puls 4
Mord ist ihr Hobby Murder Is Her Hobby German dubbed
Template:Flagicon Belgium: Flanders VTM,
VIJFtv
Murder, She Wrote English,
Dutch subtitles
Template:Flagicon Belgium: Wallonia La Une Arabesque French dubbed
Template:Flagicon Brazil Universal Channel Assassinato por Escrito Written Murder Portuguese dubbed
Template:Flagicon Bulgaria Fox Crime,
Diema,
AXN,
AXN White
Убийство по сценарий Murder by Script Bulgarian dubbed, Bulgarian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Canada Vision TV Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Canada: Quebec TQS Elle écrit au meurtre She Writes "Murder!"[31] French dubbed
Template:Flagicon Chile Canal 13 Reportera del crimen Crime Reporter Spanish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Croatia HRT Ubojstvo, napisala je Murder, She Wrote English,
Croatian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Czech Republic Nova,
Prima
To je vražda, napsala That Is Murder, She Wrote Czech dubbed
Template:Flagicon Denmark DR 1,
DR 2,
TV 3
Hun så et mord She Saw a Murder English,
Danish subtitles
Template:Flagicon Estonia TV3 Mõrv sai teoks Murder Became True English,
Estonian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Fiji FBC TV Murder She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Finland YLE TV1,
MTV3 Sarja, Kolmoskanava,
TV5
Murhasta tuli totta Murder Became True English,
Finnish subtitles
Template:Flagicon France La Cinq,
TF1,
TV Breizh, TMC
Arabesque Arabesque French dubbed
Template:Flagicon Germany ARD,
RTL,
Super RTL,
Sat.1 Gold,
TNT Serie,
kabel eins,
WDR,
Einsfestival,
rbb
Immer, wenn sie Krimis schrieb;
Mord ist ihr Hobby
Whenever She Wrote Crime Novels;
Murder is Her Hobby
German dubbed, original English version
Template:Flagicon Greece Star Channel Η συγγραφέας ντετέκτιβ The Detective Writer English,
Greek subtitles
Template:Flagicon Hungary Viasat 3 Gyilkos sorok Murderous Lines Hungarian dubbed
Template:Flagicon India Star Plus Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Ireland RTÉ One Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Israel HOT
Israel 10
רצח במשיכת קולמוס Murder With a Stroke of Pen English,
Hebrew subtitles
Template:Flagicon Italy Rai Uno,
Fox Crime,
Rai Due
Rete 4
La signora in giallo The Lady in Yellow[32] Italian dubbed
Template:Flagicon Japan NHK,
Mystery Channel,
LaLa TV,
Chiba TV,
Gunma TV
ジェシカおばさんの事件簿
Jessica obasan no jikenbo
Auntie Jessica's Case Files Japanese dubbed
Template:Flagicon Kuwait KTV 2 Murder, She Wrote English,
Arabic subtitles
Template:Flagicon Latvia LTV
Fox Crime
Noziegumam pa pēdām On the Trail of the Crime Latvian dubbed
Template:Flagicon Lithuania TV3 Džesika Flečer Jessica Fletcher Lithuanian dubbed
Template:Flagicon Macedonia Fox Crime Убиство, таа напиша Murder, She Wrote Macedonia dubbed
Template:Flagicon Mexico 4TV (former),
Universal Channel (former),
FX Latin America (current)
La reportera del crimen The Crime Reporter Spanish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Netherlands RTL 8,
NCRV,
13th Street Universal
Murder, She Wrote English,
Dutch subtitles
Template:Flagicon New Zealand TV One,
TV2,
TV3
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Norway TV3,
NRK1
Jessica Fletcher Jessica Fletcher English,
Norwegian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Pakistan Pakistan Television,
PTV1
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Philippines GMA Network,
RJTV 29
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Poland 13th Street,
AXN,
AXN Crime
Napisała: Morderstwo Murder, She Wrote English,
Polish voice-over translation
Template:Flagicon Portugal RTP 1,
FOX CRIME
Crime, Disse Ela Crime, She Said English,
Portuguese subtitles
Template:Flagicon Romania Pro Cinema,
TVR 2,
AXN Crime,
AXN White,
AXN Spin
Verdict: Crimă Verdict: Murder English,
Romanian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Russia NTV,
Domashny
Она написала убийство Murder, She Wrote Russian dubbed
Template:Flagicon Serbia FOX Crime Pisac i detektiv A Writer and a Detective English,
Serbian subtitles
Template:Flagicon Slovakia Markíza To je vražda, napísala Murder, She Wrote Slovak dubbed
Template:Flagicon Slovenia RTVSLO
Kanal A
FOX Crime
TV3 Slovenia
Umor, je napisala Murder, She Wrote Slovene dubbed
Template:Flagicon South Africa TV1
SABC Encore
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon South Korea MBC 제시카의 추리 극장
Jessica-eui Churi Geukjang
Jessica's Detective Theatre Korean dubbed
Template:Flagicon Spain TVE,
Calle 13,
Atresseries
Se ha escrito un crimen A Crime Has Been Written Spanish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Spain: Catalonia TV3 S'ha escrit un crim A Crime Has Been Written Catalan dubbed
Template:Flagicon Spain: Galicia TVG Escribiuse un crime A Crime Has Been Written Galician dubbed
Template:Flagicon Sweden TV3,
TV4 Guld
Mord och inga visor Murder and No Melodies[33] English,
Swedish subtitles
Template:Flagicon Turkey TRT 1,
Star TV,
Kanal D
TNT Türkiye
Cinayet Dosyası Murder File Turkish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Ukraine СТБ Вона написала вбивство Murder, She Wrote Ukrainian dubbed
Template:Flagicon United Kingdom ITV,
ITV3,
ITV4,
BBC1,
BBC2,
True Entertainment
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon United States Hallmark Movie Channel,
TV Land,
Cozi TV
Murder, She Wrote English
Template:Flagicon Uruguay Monte Carlo Televisión Reportera del crimen Crime Reporter Spanish dubbed
Template:Flagicon Venezuela Televen Reportera del crimen Crime Reporter Spanish dubbed

MerchandiseEdit

In 1985, Warren Company released a Murder, She Wrote board game. In the game, one player takes the hidden role of a killer and the other players try to determine which player is the killer through deduction. The killer is successful if he or she can kill five of the characters on the game-board and escape, while the detective players win by correctly deducing the identity of the killer.

In December 2009, casual game developer and publisher Legacy Interactive, under license with Universal Pictures Digital Platforms Group (UPDPG), announced the release a PC and Macintosh video game based on the television series. In the game, players help Jessica Fletcher to solve five unusual murders.[34][35] A sequel, Murder She Wrote 2, was launched by Legacy Interactive in November 2012.[36]

MultimediaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Template:Cite news
  2. Template:Cite news
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. Template:Cite news
  5. E3 2009: Murder, She Wrote game coming to the PC, news.bigdownload.com, June 8, 2009; retrieved January 14, 2010.
  6. Template:Cite web
  7. Brunsdale, Mitzi M., Icons of Mystery and Crime Detection: From Sleuths to Superheroes. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC (2010), p. 307
  8. "Murder She Wrote" location named as Murder Capital of World
  9. "TV Conspiracy Theory: Was Angela Lansbury Actually a Serial Killer on ‘Murder She Wrote’?", theblot.com; accessed August 10, 2016.
  10. Template:Cite web
  11. Template:Cite news
  12. Template:Cite news
  13. Template:Cite web
  14. Template:Cite news
  15. 15.0 15.1 Template:Cite news
  16. Template:Cite web
  17. Template:Cite web
  18. Template:Cite web
  19. Template:Cite web
  20. Template:Cite web
  21. Template:Cite web
  22. Template:Cite web
  23. Template:Cite web
  24. Template:Cite web
  25. Template:Cite web
  26. Template:Cite web
  27. Template:Cite web
  28. Template:Cite web
  29. Template:Cite news
  30. Template:Cite web
  31. The translation is a play on the similar-sounding idiom "Crier au meurtre" (to scream murder). "Au meurtre!" is a call for help similar to "Fire!"or "Help!".
  32. In Italian, the "yellow genre" expression is equivalent to crime fiction from the 1930s when an Italian publisher, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, published a series of crime fiction books using a yellow cover.
  33. While "Murder and No Melodies" is the literal translation, the translation is a word play, alluding to the Swedish idiom "Ord och inga visor" ("Words and no melodies"), with the idiomatic meaning "plain speaking" or "hard, honest words".
  34. Template:Cite press release
  35. Murder, She Wrote for PC
  36. Murder, She Wrote 2 for PC

External linksEdit

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