Law & Order: UK is a British police procedural and legal television programme, adapted from the American series Law & Order. The programme is financed by the production companies Kudos Film and Television, Wolf Films, and Universal Media Studios. Head writer Chris Chibnall based the first series of episodes on scripts and episodes of the parent series. Based in London, and following the formula of the original, Law & Order: UK stars Bradley Walsh, Ben Bailey Smith, Sharon Small, Dominic Rowan, Georgia Taylor and Peter Davison. Law & Order: UK became the first American drama television series to be adapted for British television.
In August 2012, ITV announced that they had renewed the show for an eight-episode seventh series. Due to other commitments, neither Harriet Walter nor Freema Agyeman returned, and they were replaced by Paterson Joseph and Georgia Taylor in the roles of Detective Inspector Wes Layton and Junior Crown Prosecutor Kate Barker respectively.
On 8 April 2014, it was confirmed that Paterson Joseph, who plays Detective Inspector Wes Layton, would be leaving the series, with his character to be killed off in episode seven of series 8. He will be replaced by Sharon Small as DI Elizabeth Flynn from episode 8.
On 3 June 2014, it was announced that the show would take a break, after the final episode of series 8 airs on 11 June 2014 as ITV wants to refresh their drama slate. However, it may return in the future. ITV also confirmed that Bradley Walsh would be leaving his role of Ronnie Brooks.
- 2 Conception
- 3 Series
- 4 Episodes
- 5 Filming
- 6 Cast
- 7 Broadcasting
- 8 Reception
- 9 Home releases
- 10 References
- 11 External links
"In the criminal justice system, the people are represented by two separate yet equally important groups: The police who investigate crime, and the Crown Prosecutors who prosecute the offenders. These are their stories."—Opening narration spoken by Robert Glenister.
Law & Order: UK is a British adaptation of the US-Law & Order franchise, one of the most successful brands in American primetime television.[dead link] Law & Order: UK is based in London and duplicates the episode format of the original series.
The first half focuses on the perpetration of a crime and the related police investigation typically culminating in an arrest, while the second half follows the legal and court proceedings in an effort to convict the suspect. The show dwells little on the characters' back-stories or social lives, focusing mainly on their lives at work.
For most of Law & Order: UK's run, the cold open or lead-in of the show began with the discovery of a crime, usually a murder. The scene typically began with a slice of everyday life in London, (usually the scene would be the same as the US version of the episode but with a British institution instead (e.g. A British fish and chip shop instead of an American coffee shop). Some civilians would then discover the crime victim, or sometimes the crime would occur in a public place and they would be a witnesses or a victim of a crime.
The police are represented in the show by Metropolitan Police Force Murder Investigation Unit, with two Criminal Investigation Department (CID) detectives, a senior detective sergeant (DS) and a junior detective sergeant (DS), who report directly to their boss, a detective inspector (DI) or detective chief inspector (DCI). During the preliminary crime scene examination, the featured detectives make their first observations and will come up with theories followed by a witticism or two, before the title sequence begins.
The detectives often have few or no good clues — they might not even know the victim's identity — and must usually chase several dead ends before finding a likely suspect. They investigate the crime by collecting evidence at the crime scene (with the help of Scenes of Crime Officers (SOCOs)), visit thecoroner or forensic pathologist for clues to the victim's cause and time of death (sometimes the victim's identity from dental records or fingerprints). The police will also inform relatives of the victim's death, interview witnesses, trace the victim's last known movements (by talking to the victim's family and friends). as well as visiting the crime laboratory for evidence (e.g. such as fingerprints, DNA and ballistics etc.), records and research for information on financial details and background information on both victim(s) and suspect(s). In some instances, psychologists and/or psychiatrists are called in for insight into the criminal's behaviour or modus operandi. All the while, the detectives report to their commanding officer, keeping them informed and being advised on how best to proceed next.
When the investigation leads to one or more suspects, the police will take the case to their boss, who decides if there is enough for a search and/or arrest warrants (though sometimes the commanding officer will consult with the CPS office to see if the case is strong enough) and whether or not any back-up (such as uniformed officers or armed police) is needed. The detectives will then arrest the suspects(s), with sometimes the police having to chase the accused through the streets of London. The scene then shifts to the interrogation room where the detectives interrogate the suspect(s), until they ask for a solicitor, their defence barristers show up and asks the suspect not to talk anymore or the Crown Prosecution Service decides they have enough to press charges.
Towards the middle of a show, the police will begin to work with the prosecutors to make the arrest, though sometimes the CPS team will on occasion appear early on to arrange a plea-for-information deal or to decide if the detectives have enough evidence for search warrant(s) and/or arrest warrant(s) before arresting the suspect or suspects and an arraignment scene will follow.
The matter then is taken over by a pair of crown prosecutors, a senior crown prosecutor (sometimes referred to as a Chief Crown Prosecutor) and a junior crown prosecutor (sometimes referred to as aCrown Advocate) from the office of the London Crown Prosecution Service. They discuss deals, prepare the witnesses and evidence, and conduct the people's case in the trial. The crown prosecutors work together and with the coroner's office, the crime laboratory (including Fingerprint analysts, DNA profilers and Ballistics analysts), and psychologists and/or psychiatrists (if the defendant uses an insanity plea) all of whom may be needed to testify in court for the prosecution. The police may also reappear to testify in court or to arrest another suspect, but most investigation in the second segment is done by the CPS office, who always consult with the local London CPS Director for advice on the case. If the case is very weak then the police would re-investigate.
Unlike many legal dramas (e.g. Kavanagh QC and Rumpole of the Bailey), the court proceedings are shown from the prosecution's point of view, with the regular characters trying to prove the defendant's guilt, not innocence. The second half usually opens with the arraignment of defendants and proceeds to trial preparation, including legal research and plea negotiations. Some episodes include legal proceedings beyond the testimony of witnesses, including motion hearings, (often concerning admissibility of evidence); jury selection; and allocutions, usually as a result of plea bargains. Many episodes employ motions to suppress evidence as a plot device, and most of these end with evidence or statements being suppressed, often on a technicality. This usually begins with the service of the motion to the CPS team, follows with argument and case citations of precedent before a judge in court, and concludes with visual reaction of the winning or losing attorney.
Many episodes use outlandish defence scenarios such as Diminished responsibility (e.g. "Genetics"/"Television"/"God"/"the devil made me do it" and intoxication defence) and Temporary insanity (Ie "Black Rage"/"White Rage"/"Sports Rage"). Also episodes revolve around moral and ethical debates including the right to die (euthanasia), the right to life (abortion) and the right to bear arms (gun control). The episode usually ends with the verdict being read by the jury foreperson and a shot of both the winning and losing parties. The scene then shifts to the Crown Prosecution Service London office where the team is leaving the office to go home while contemplating either the true guilt of the accused, the defence scenarios they used or the moral or ethical debate of the episode.One of the distinguishing features ofLaw & Order is a black-and-white intertitlecard, which gives the description of the time, date and setting of each scene. This intertitle is the first title from "Care".
Law & Order: UK was first imagined by franchise creator Dick Wolf in 2000, however, at the time, no network was willing to pick up a pilot for the series.However, Wolf managed to attract scriptwriter Chris Chibnall, who had previously worked on British productions Torchwood, Life on Mars and Born and Bred, to write a series of thirteen adaptions from the original Law & Order series. Wolf then asked Chibnall to look through the Law & Order Bible, a book released in the United States containing a collection of synopses for every episode. As such, he picked 13 episodes which could be adapted for British television, watched the originals on DVD, and then wrote the adaptations to accommodate contractual requirements with production company Kudos, and to build on the show's reputation of successful storytelling. Subsequently, the series was picked up by ITV. One of the episodes Chibnall adapted, however, had to be scrapped due to incompatibility with English law, resulting in a different episode being adapted. Wolf then attracted producer Richard Stokes to the series, however, he stated that a thirteen-episode series would be too long for broadcast on British television, and thus, he separated the thirteen scripts into two separate series. Dick Wolf, however, objected to this, claiming that it wouldn't be an issue, as each series in the United States contains 22 episodes per series. Wolf pushed ITV for more episodes per series, however, his attempt was unsuccessful. Each of the thirteen scripts were updated for contemporariness, and while the difficulties of adapting the scripts for the English legal system exceeded the expectations of the production team, Stokes opined that audiences familiar with both shows would enjoy them for their distinctions. Further series have continued to adapt scripts from the original Law & Order series. Many of the familiar hallmarks of the original Law & Order series were carried through into the adaptation, including the styling of the opening music, black-and-white intertitles, using Wolf's signature "clanging cell door" sound, and hand-held camera work. Stokes later expressed his praise for the Kudos' method of "guerrilla filming" on the streets of London. Wolf later described the biggest difference between the two series as the wigs, claiming, "The law is not really that dissimilar and, you know, murder is murder."
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Six series of the drama were broadcast between 2009 and 2012. These were commissioned in blocks of thirteen episode seasons to be broken up in 6-7 episode series.
Series one was broadcast in February 2009 and concluded in March 2009 with seven episodes being broadcast. The second series followed in January 2010 and consisted of six episodes.
The series was renewed for another thirteen episodes and the first seven were broadcast as series three in September 2010. The remaining six were broadcast in March 2011 as series four. The series was broadcast in an alternative order in the UK. The series saw the first major departures of two cast members as Ben Daniels and Bill Paterson left.
The next series was broadcast in July 2011 and saw Jamie Bamber leave in the fifth series finale. The next seven episodes were broadcast in January 2012 as series six. It was later announced along with the commission of a seventh series that Harriet Walter and Freema Agyeman would depart off-screen. This left Bradley Walsh as the only remaining cast member who had appeared from the first episode.
A seventh series of six episodes aired from 14 July 2013, after being filmed in November 2012. This was broadcast eighteen months after the sixth series.
On 28 June 2013, Bradley Walsh confirmed on This Morning that an eighth series had been commissioned and would start filming in October 2013. ITV later confirmed that Law & Order: UK would return in 2014 with an eight episode series, and that Ben Bailey Smith had been cast as DS Joe Hawkins who replaces Paul Nicholls as DS Sam Casey. The series began airing in the UK on 12 March 2014. No date has been announced for BBC America's broadcast of this series as US season 5.List of Law & Order: UK episodes
Originally commissioned as a single series of thirteen episodes, episodes 1–7 were transmitted as series one, broadcast in 2009, and episodes 8–13 were transmitted as series two, broadcast in 2010. A second run of thirteen episodes was commissioned in 2010, with episodes 1–7 being transmitted as series three, broadcast in 2010, and episodes 8–13 being transmitted as series four, broadcast in 2011. A third run of thirteen episodes was commissioned in October 2010, with episodes 1–6 being transmitted as series five, broadcast in 2011, and episodes 7–13 being transmitted as series six, broadcast in 2012. In August 2012, ITV commissioned a seventh series made up of eight episodes.
In Canada and the United States, for series 1-6, each thirteen episode run was transmitted as a single series, meaning a total of three seasons had been broadcast through 2012. In 2013, the 6-episode series 7 was broadcast as season 4 in the US, a month after the UK broadcast. No date has been announced for the US broadcast of series 8.
On 30 April 2014, the final episode of Series 8 was due to air at 9:00 but was pulled from broadcast hours prior due to the storyline's similarity to the murder of British teacher Ann Maguire in the same week. It will air on 11 June 2014.
Filming on the first series of Law & Order: UK began in January 2008, and at the time, discrepancies were identified by cast member Jamie Bamber, who in an interview with Variety magazine, claimed "if things are to continue the way they do, it's likely we won't get a second series." However, ITV commissioned a further thirteen episodes, and filming began in the third quarter of 2009. These episodes were subsequently broadcast from 9 September 2010. For the Law part of the series, frequent filming on-location around London takes place, while for the Order part, filming around the exterior of the Old Bailey takes place concurrently on Sundays. Filming of the courtroom interior, police station office and the Crown Prosecution Service office takes place on a specially built set on a disused Ministry of Defence base in Qinetiq, based near the M25 motorway in Surrey. The police station set was specifically designed with an eye for realism; with personal items on each of the desks, and an ironing board and clean shirts being placed around for the eventuality of police officers heading to court. The campus of University College London, including the main quadrangle and the cloisters, was used for the basis of filming for scenes aired in series six.
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Freema Agyeman and Jamie Bamber were first cast as CPS Solicitor Alesha Phillips, a young, dedicated prosecutor, and Detective Sergeant Matt Devlin, a junior detective, respectively. Bradley Walsh was next cast in the lead role of DS Ronnie Brooks, a jaded ex-alcoholic who is struggling to make amends with his family, but loves his job, and Ben Daniels and Bill Paterson were next to join the original cast, playing James Steel, a veteran prosecutor who will stop at nothing to get justice, and his boss George Castle, respectively. Harriet Walter was announced as the final main cast member shortly after, playing DI Natalie Chandler, the tough but fair leader of the Major Incident Team.
The first cast departures came following the fourth season, when Paterson and Daniels opted not to renew their contracts and were replaced by Peter Davison as Director Henry Sharpe and Dominic Rowan as Jacob Thorne, respectively. Bamber was next to depart in order to pursue other projects, whilst Agyeman and Walter would follow shortly thereafter due to scheduling conflicts; the three were replaced by Paul Nicholls as DS Sam Casey, a detective brought in to investigate the murder of Devlin, Georgia Taylor' as a former defence-turned-prosecutor Kate Barker, and Paterson Joseph as Ronnie's former partner DI Wes Leyton.
Paul Nicholls departed following a break-down in contract negotiations, and he was replaced by Rapper Ben Bailey-Smith as just-promoted Sergeant Joe Hawkins. Paterson Joseph and original cast member Walsh left the cast prior to a potential ninth series, with Joseph leaving in the penultimate episode, allowing for the single-episode appearance of DI Elisabeth Flynn, played by Sharon Small. ITV's decision to place the show on hiatus after the series eight finale leaves Walsh's departure a moot point, and as such he remains the only actor to appear throughout the entire run of the series.
|Ronnie Brooks||Bradley Walsh||Murder Investigation Unit Detective||Sergeant||7||6||7||6||6||7||6||8||53|
|Matt Devlin||Jamie Bamber||7||6||7||6||6||32|
|Sam Casey||Paul Nicholls||7||6||13|
|Joe Hawkins||Ben Bailey-Smith||8||8|
|Natalie Chandler||Harriet Walter||Inspector||7||6||7||6||6||7||1||40|
|Wes Layton||Paterson Joseph||6||7||13|
|Elisabeth Flynn||Sharon Small||1||1|
|Jacob Thorne||Dominic Rowan||London Crown Prosecutor||Senior CPS Prosecutor||6||7||6||8||27|
|James Steel||Ben Daniels||7||6||7||6||26|
|Alesha Phillips||Freema Agyeman||Junior CPS Prosecutor||7||6||7||6||6||7||39|
|Kate Barker||Georgia Taylor||6||8||14|
|Henry Sharpe||Peter Davison||Director of CPS London||6||7||6||8||27|
|George Castle||Bill Paterson||7||6||7||6||26|
In the United Kingdom, Law & Order: UK is broadcast on ITV with repeats of the series airing on sister channel ITV3. In Ireland, TV3 broadcasts each episode a day after the British airing, however, the series is billed as Law and Order: London to distinguish itself from the original American series.
In the United States, the series began broadcasting on BBC America on 3 October 2010 and since, Series 1-4 were shown back-to-back as were Series 5 and 6. In the US, series 7 was broadcast as a 6-episode season 4; no date has been announced for the US broadcast of series 8/season 5.
The series also broadcasts in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and New Zealand.
|Australia||Network Ten||12 August 2009||12 August 2011|
|Brazil||A&E||3 March 2010||21 April 2010||22 September 2010||10 November 2010|
|Canada||City||11 June 2009||30 July 2009||16 September 2010||4 November 2010||4 November 2013|
|Finland||YLE TV1||6 September 2009||25 October 2009||11 December 2011|
|Denmark||TV 2||June 2011||August 2011|
|France||TF1||6 June 2010|
13th Street Universal (since series 5)
|4 February 2010||25 March 2010||5 May 2011||23 June 2011||2 August 2012||23 August 2012|
|Ireland||TV3||24 February 2009|
|Iceland||SkjárEinn||9 May 2010|
|Italy||Fox Crime, Giallo||14 March 2011|
|Netherlands||NET 5||23 October 2009|
|New Zealand||TV One||27 September 2009|
|South Africa||Sony Entertainment Television||7 October 2010|
|Sweden||Sjuan||30 June 2010|
|United Kingdom||ITV, STV, UTV||23 February 2009||11 January 2010||9 September 2010||7 March 2011||10 July 2011||6 January 2012||14 July 2013|
|United States||BBC America||3 October 2010||19 November 2010||14 January 2011||4 March 2011||17 August 2011||28 September 2011||7 August 2013|
Independent writer Robin Jarossi, who attended a special preview of the premiere episode at the British Film Institute in London on 5 February 2009, praised the uniquely British take on the franchise for balancing the new vision while maintaining the proven Law & Order formula. Jarossi specifically extolled the unexpected casting of Bradley Walsh, the excellent use of their London backdrop, and Chibnall's adaptation of the show. John Boland of the Irish Independent compared Law & Order: UK to the original, ultimately deciding that the former is just as engrossing as the latter, if its tone is slightly more jocular. Boland expects ITV "has a winner on its hands." Andrew Billen from The Times expects the series to be successful based on the premiere episode, and TV Times said that "those concerned can give themselves a pat on the back because this really, really works." The Daily Express' Matt Baylis described the new series as "a breath of fresh air", and the Daily Mirror said "It’s all highly professional and heroic." Variety magazine called the series a hit, quoting NBC Universal as saying, "'Law and Order' has won its slot every week and is actually increasing its ratings." While Radio Timesreviewer Alison Graham felt the series' execution was adequate, she criticised its pacing and writing; the former for not matching that of the original Law & Order programmes, and the latter for "falling headfirst into a typically British legal-drama trap of the noble prosecutor, crusading to bring the guilty to justice while pitted against the louche, self-serving defence barrister." Whereas, on the other hand,The Guardian's Sarah Dempster didn't feel that using the original series' camera work and stylings was appropriate for British crime drama: "Fiddly. And wrong.". However, later on in the series' run The Observer's Kathryn Flytt writes that despite her initial prejudices, the series "seems to have absorbed the pace and energy of the original without looking too tricksily derivative". In Australia, Melinda Houston commented favourably in The Age on the show's opening series, opining that the fusion between British crime drama and the US Law & Order franchise is like "a match made in Heaven." The premiere episode which aired on 12 August 2009, only rated 775,000 viewers, and was outside the top 15 rated shows for that period.
Barrister Caroline Haughey, a self-confessed crime junkie, said that "Law and Order UK" made her cry:
- "the relationship between the officers and CPS was reasonably fair; however, the conduct of the Crown Prosecution Advocate in his talking directly to defendants and offering plea bargains was a step too far. Law And Order State Side is excellent, but the translation of that justice system into our own jurisdiction is not really possible – CPS lawyers do NOT invite defendants to CPS HQ, and do not run their own investigation."
|DVD Volume||Release Date||Episodes||Additional Features|
|11 January 2010||7||
|22 February 2010||6||
|7 March 2011||7||
|11 July 2011||6||
|11 July 2011||26||
|6 February 2012||6|
|2 April 2012||7|
|7 October 2013||6||
|DVD title||Release date||Episodes||Additional information|
|26 October 2010||13||
|22 November 2011||13||