- 2 the literary James Bond
- 3 Select work
- 4 see also
Ian Fleming was born in London, on May 28, 1908, and was the younger brother of writer Peter Fleming. He was educated at Etonand the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. After this, he left to study languages abroad. He worked as a journalist in the years before the Second World War. At the beginning of the war, he was hired as a personal assistant to the Director of Naval Intelligence, Admiral John Henry Godfrey. Fleming became involved in multiple operations. A key of this was theOperation Goldeneyedeveloped by Fleming, who had to make sure the British are still could communicate via Gibraltar as Spain is submitting to the Axis powers would connect. In 1944 got Fleming in charge of the so-called 30 Assault Unit, and later he became a member of the Committee of the T-Force.
This gave him the background and experience to get good espionage stories to write. It is even claimed that some events from the Bond stories really have taken place and that the figure is based on a James Bond really exist having secret agent. However, rumors that Bond on Fleming himself would be based, by Fleming denied.
Early 1950s Fleming began writing espionage stories. The main character was a secret agent of MI6; British intelligence. Fleming came up with the idea for the name following the book Birds of the West Indies, which was written by ornithologist James Bond. This inconspicuous name gave birth to Fleming. Federal code number was 007. The double zero points in the stories on a power to kill, but is in fact a creation of Fleming himself.
stayed in summer Fleming always in England, but in winter he travelled to his home Goldeneye in Jamaica, where he wrote most of his Bond stories. In 1953 the first book appeared: Casino Royale. Casino Royale remains relatively unnoticed among the general public. The American television channel CBS edited the book in 1954 for a live TV show of Climax Mystery Theatre. Flemings second book Live and Let Die appeared in 1954. The story takes place to a large extent on Jamaica. Because Fleming this environment knows well, he is capable of a mountain to trivial to mention knowledge around the island. Such details were a striking aspect of his writing style. After this appeared more Bond books (see below). As the years passed the books were popular and they raised enough money for Fleming to withdraw in peace on Goldeneye.The books were especially popular in North America after President John f. Kennedy the novel From Russia With Love on his list of favorite books mentioned. AlthoughFrom Russia, With Love as one of Flemings work best is seen, ends the book as Bond poisoned on the ' wine red carpet ' collapses. It's only the question of Bond this will survive.
The film industry began to show interest in Bond in the meantime. Gregory Ratoff producer bought the rights of Casino Royale. Ratoff put on ice for the time being, Casino Royale , and died before he could begin his film plans. His widow sold the rights to producer Charles k. Feldman. Feldman, however, does nothing with his purchase and wait quietly. In the end, it's there in 2006 it: see James Bond.
The island of Inagua brought Fleming still on the idea for a new book. In Doctor No (1958) paste Fleming Federal weapon to weapon expert, Geoffrey Boothroyd after him in a letter announced that federal women's pistol was Beretta, a moderate. In Doctor No left Fleming the Beretta than substitute an Walther PPK. The weapon master of MI6 was named Major Boothroyd. In the movies is this person better known as Q (quartermaster). After this, wrote the novel Goldfinger yet Fleming (1959).
In 1958, the transmitter CBS, previously had edited Casino Royale , for to make a television series about James Bond. Fleming agreed and began to develop new ideas for the series.Yet when the series went through were the newly developed stories edited into the short story collection For Your Eyes Only (1960). However, there were still film plans. Together with producer Kevin McClory and Jack Whittingham started screenwriter Fleming to the scenario Longitude 78 West. To have an interesting, somewhat timeless bad guy, came the idea of the organization SPECTRE. However, this project was also not off the ground and was eventually put in the refrigerator. Fleming did the same now as with the stories from For Your Eyes Only, and edited it to the novel Thunderball (1961). McClory and were not mentioned here, and Wittingham started a lawsuit: a stressful period in which Fleming, a heavy smoker and drinker, a heart attack. One came to a settlement In december 1961: from now on, mention that the book was based on a film plot of McClory, Wittingham and Fleming. In addition, obtained McClory the film rights to the book.
Appeared In 1962 The Spy Who Loved Me, in which Fleming made a striking style breakage: the book was narrated in the first person from the perspective of the fictional protagonist Vivienne Michel (which was called even as co-author). The book tells the story of her life, until the moment that tied her by chance saves of two killers. That same year appeared the first cinema film of James Bond. In 1961 had Fleming the rights to all of his published and forthcoming Bond stories (except Casino Royale and Thunderball) to Harry Saltzman sold.Albert r. Broccoli was interested, but went with Saltzman collaborate in EON Productions. As the first Bond film Thunderball prefer they had made, but because of the problems with McClory went one over on Dr. No (1962). Ian Fleming was hoping David Niven or Roger Moore would get the role of Bond. Also his cousin Christopher Lee was recommended by him.The role eventually went to Sean Connery. Fleming was initially not happy at all with it here, all he gave Bond in On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963), a Scottish father.
Fleming also visited the set of the second film From Russia with Love (1963), and welcomed the choice of actors. While the third film, Goldfinger (1964), in production was on 12 August 1964, Fleming died of a heart attack. That same year there was a children's book by him appeared: Chitty Chitty Bang Bang .
Fleming's latest novel, The Man with The Golden Gun was issued posthumously . The book was not received very well. It also led to some controversy, due to unconfirmed rumors that the book would have been completed by a ghostwriter. Last collection of short stories appeared In 1966 Octopussy and The Living Daylights .
The James Bond series of books was later continued. The end of the 1960s there appeared a book written by Kingsley Amisunder the pseudonym Robert Markham. Starting from the 80 's came the series going again, under John Gardner and Raymond Bensonlater. From 2005 to 2009 Charlie Higson wrote the Young Bondseries, set during the interwar period in Federal teens.
In 2008, on the occasion of the centenary of Fleming, the book Devil May Care written by Sebastian Faulks, who had approached Flemings writing style for the occasion. In 2010 it was announced that Jeffery Deavernew Bond novels will go write.
All Bond novels by Ian Fleming, with the year of publication.
- In London, Ebury Street, at number 22b is a blue tile made to the façade of a dwelling indicating that Ian Fleming lived here from 1934 to 1945.