Hunter Stockton Thompson (18 July 1937 - 20 February 2005) was an American journalist and writer who is Clerk of the pseudonym Raoul Duke. He is considered as a representative of the new-journalism; He himself called the gonzo journalist.
Thompson was born in Louisville (Kentucky). He grew up in the Cherokee Triangle Neighborhood in the Highlands and went to Louisville Male High School. His parents, Jack (d. 1952) and Virginia (d. 1999), married in 1935. By the death of Jack were their three sons: Hunter, James Davison, and raised by their mother, an alcoholic.Thompsons troubled childhood, and their influence on his behavior and the development of its misantrope worldview, has had no literary attention.
After early touches with the police, including an arrest in 1956 for a robbery, he enlisted as part of his sentence at the United States air force. On Eglin Air Force Base in Florida, he started in 1956 as a sports journalist writing for the News Journal of the base. In 1958, he was sent away at the air force. Thompson worked briefly as an editor for Time Magazine in New York.
Hunter s. Thompson traveled through Peru, Colombia and Brazil. Here he wrote multiple articles for American newspapers as a freelance journalist. In Puerto Rico, he became friends with journalist William Kennedy and became South America-correspondent for the magazine The National Observer. In 1966 he pulled a time on with a group of Californian Hells Angels. He wrote a series of articles about them which was bundled in1967 under the title "Hell's Angels: A Strange and Terrible Saga Of The Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs". At the end of the sixties he went as one of the first for the new magazine Rolling Stone work. His eccentric lifestyle and writing style was one of the factors behind the success of "Rolling Stone". Thompson created a unique journalistic style, with the main feature that he is not his subject but himself thinker; He called this agonzojournalistiek, in drug-soaked variant of new journalism.
His best known work from this period is Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, and Other American Stories (1971), which in 1998 would be by Terry Gilliam , starring Johnny Depp and Benicio Del Toro. In 1972 he wrote forRolling Stone a series of reports on the United States presidential election of 1972, in which he closely involved in the camp of presidential candidate George McGovern. In the reports mixed Thompson clear political analyses with anger and exaggeration. He predicted the outcome of the elections wrong. A year later articles were subsumed under the title Fear and Loathing: On the Campaign Trail ' 72. Thompson then wrote at length about the Watergate scandal (according to him was the famous Gordon Liddy Deepthroat) and supported the subsequent presidential elections by early 1976 the then unknown Jimmy Carter. He became friends with Carter, with whom he made some very personal interviews. As foreign correspondent reported Thompson in 1983 about the invasion of the United States Marines in Grenada.
Thompson was difficult to classify at the left or right. He was friends with Keith Richards, but also with Pat Buchanan and fought on the other hand, the Bush administration until his death with all the publicity he had resources available.
He was a member of the National Rifle Association and loved that guests at his parties armed milling about. In the 1980s, when he had to switch the computer on the typewriter he would the device, which he had regarded as the enemy for years, have first shot. In 2000 David Thompson with a gun a bear of its terrain, but accidentally shot his assistant down. At the age of 67, he was found shot in the head by his son Juan Thompson on his Owl Farm in Woody Creek at Aspen (Colorado). On the basis of the gunshot wound, the police that there was suicide. Thompsons last wish was that he would be cremated and that his ashes through a Cannon would be scattered around the grounds at his home, which happened on 16 August 2005.
Thompson was, and still is, lay on the shelf since 1974 as the comic character "Uncle Duke" from the started in 1970 and soon internationally distributed American newspaper strip Doonesbury by Garry Trudeau.There is a documentary film released on DVD about Thompsons life between 1965 and 1975.
"We're just gonna have to make it up along the way, pure gonzo journalism[source? ]"
Thompson described gonzo journalism modest as a writing style for which the talent of a great journalist, actually the eye of an artist and a photographer, and the actor had to kloten of a merge. [source? ]Actual events and social, and political analyses, should be mixed with fictional histories and drug visions. Some consider his reports about the hell's Angels "as the first forms of gonzo journalism. These, however, are still fairly traditional in design. Really los went Thompson in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.
Some of his books have also been translated to Dutch. Hells Angels appeared In May 2011 and in december 2011 and March 2012 followed Rum Diary and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.
- Hell's Angels: A Strange and Terrible Saga of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (1967)
- Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1971)
- Fear and Loathing: On the Campaign Trail ' 72 (1973)
- The Gonzo Papers (bundled report in four parts; 1989-1999)
- The Curse of Lono (1983)
- The Fear and Loathing Letters (selection from letters, in three parts; 1997-2000)
- Fear and Loathing in America: The Brutal Odyssey of an Outlaw Journalist 1968-1976 (1997)
- The Rum Diary (published in 1999, but written in 1959)
- Kingdom of Fear: Loathsome Secrets of a Star-Crossed Child in the Final Days of the American Century (2003)
- Hey Rube: Blood Sport, the Bush Doctrine, and the Downward Spiral of Dumbness Modern History from the Sports Desk (2004)