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Hergé is the pseudonym for Georges Prosper Remi Remi (Etterbeek22 may 1907 – Woluwe-Saint-Lambert3 March 1983). Hergé was a Belgian comics artist, best known as creator of the adventures of Tintin.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 origin of the name

Origin of the name[Edit]Edit

Remi used for his pseudonym the initials of his name Georges Remi. Conversely, if the G.R. and in French is pronounced, does that sound like there-gee. Remi made the spelling of Hergé .

Work[Edit]Edit

Hergé here, alongside Willy vandersteenGoscinnyand Franquin , one of the great creators of the European humorous adventure strip of the 20th century. His most famous creation is Tintin, a young newspaper reporter that around the world adventures. Characteristic of this world famous cartoon series is the humanist character, the thorough research with which the maker knows to make his caricatural stories realistic and clear character style, called klare lijn. Also swarming with satirical references to the (political) history of the 20th century. The Blue Lotus for Hergé was inspired by the notorious Mukden incidentthat led to the Sino-Japanese war that began in 1934.The story King Ottokar's sceptre , the Anschluss of Austria as obvious inspiration. And the calculus affair is a portrait about the sensitivities of the cold war.

Short biography[Edit]Edit

Georges Remi grew up in Etterbeek, a municipality already urbanized of the Brussels metropolitan area. His parents, Alexis Remi (1882-1970) the Walloon and the Flemish Élisabeth Dufour (1882-1946), were among the middle class and lived in a relative luxury for that time. In 1912 a second son born, Paul Remi.

Remi's lower-school time largely fell along with the first world war and the German occupation of Brussels. Of German soldiers who were stationed in the barracks he made Etterbeekse, in the margins of his school notebooks, inept drawings. Signs seemed to be early in his blood. But it would take until 1925 he published his first cartoon for real: a little comic about a wordless Wheeler with tyre problems. Hergé was already an active member of the Catholic scouting for which he also made many drawings, among other things in Le boy scout. In that sheet and in other scouting magazines he published from 1926 it strip the feuilleton of the Cockchafers Totor, P.L. .

In 1927, Hergé work on the subscriptions section of the daily newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle, the spokeswoman of the French-speaking, conservative, Roman-Catholic and anti-communist establishment. He liked it there so boring that he went in early military service. After he astray he started in January 1929 in the Thursday Le Petit Vingtième youth supplement of the newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle to the very first adventure of Tintin: Les Aventures de Tintin, reporter du Petit "Vingtième", au pays des Soviets (the adventures of Tintin, reporter of the small "Twentieth", in the land of the Soviets). [1In 1930 Hergé began to strip mercury and Faizan, likewise in the same sheet.

Until his death in 1983 published 23 albums with the adventures of Tintin, his dog Snowy and several supporting characters as Captain Haddockprofessor calculus and the detectives Thomson and Thompson.Posthumously the unfinished Tintin and the alpha-art issued. Hergé drew the strips initially all by itself, but in 1943 he called in the help of Edgar p. Jacobs. In 1950 he started the famous Studios Hergé. Well-known coworkers as Bob De Moor and Jacques Martin took him a lot of work and held, among other things, drawing backgrounds and the redrawing of the old albums. Next to Tintin, Hergé worked to other stripsreeksen such as Leo and Lea at the Popol out WestJo, Sallie and Maynard and mercury and Faizan, from which from the last until 1955 355 stories and a cartoon series appeared.

Opened In June 2009 in Louvain-la-Neuve the Hergé museum around the life and work of the cartoonist. This museum came through the efforts of Hergé 's second wife and a former Assistant in his studio, Fanny Vlamynck atelier.

Creations[Edit]Edit

The next Pack series and characters are conceived and drawn by Hergé and publicly appeared:

  • Totor, P.L. of the Cockchafers, from 1926
  • Tintin, from 1929
  • The stupid of mercury and Faizan, from 1930
  • Leo and Lea, from 1934
  • Jo, Sallie and Maynard, from 1936
  • Tom Colby, 1947

Criticism[Edit]Edit

The Blue Lotus is a defining album in Hergé 's life and in the development of Tintin. This was the first adventure for which Hergé did painstaking research to the world in which his stories occurred. Before that he invented cars, ships and buildings often and he made stereotypescultures and Nations. Precisely because of these stereotypes is sometimes accused of racism yet Hergé. [2for example, in 2007 the album Tintin in the Congo by the British Council for equality , described as ' racist '. [3About the same time a Congolese student in Brussels (in vain) demanded a ban on the album. [4Hergé, and later also the spokespersons of his Studio, have always maintained that the stereotypical type rings in especially the early Tintin albums purely reflect the vision at that time across Europe on the rest of the world.

Another "sensitive" title is the mysterious star. Americans were the crooks in this adventure that appeared in the daily newspaper Le Soir under the watchful eye of the Germans. The villain was an unscrupulous Jewish oil Tycoon named Blumenstein. Because Hergé during the war published in collaboration with him was this Duitsgezinde newspaper the nazi's in being. After the liberation of Brussels on 3 september 1944, he was arrested four times by various resistance groups to and released.

Because of publishing in Le Soir and his contacts with infamous collaborators and ultraconservative Roman Catholics is a professional ban imposed him after the war. During the interrogations, he spent one night in a cell. [5until september 1946 the adventures of Tintin were allowed to be published in any newspaper. That Hergé during his life remained exposed to criticism certainly has to do with his handling of the Belgian fascists leader Léon Degrelle. The fact is, though, that Hergé never expressed aloud on such matters and that, for example, a pre-war album as King Ottokar's sceptre can be read above all as an anti-fascistparable.

Private life and death[Edit]Edit

In full is the real name of Hergé: Georges Prosper Remi Remi. The Dutch publicist Huib Vicky pointed out in his biography that the misreading of the birth certificate the identical first name is widely ignored.

Hergé in 1932 married Germaine Kieckens (1906-1995), from whom he separated in 1977. In the same year he married Fanny Vlamynck Atelier (born 1934), whom he knew since they in 1955 as colourist was with him come to work. [6Already since that time they held collusion on after. In 1960 he went with Fanny cohabitation. Kieckens, however, wanted for a long time of no divorce know and Hergé had no legal possibility without her consent.

The spiritual father of Tintin had no children. According to his biographer Pierre Assouline not only because he was barren, but also "because he is not loved by children". Assouline refers to a adoption of a seven-or eight-year-old orphan by the draughtsman and his then-wife Germaine Kieckens, late forties: "but because he (Hergé) this new presence and the turmoil that this entailed, in his daily life could not bear, he gave it back after two weeks..."[7]

Hergé was suffering from leukemia. He died there officially to. His last will consisted of a single sentence; that his wife was the only heiress. From interviews he had given, he absolutely did not want to fell that someone would continue his creation Tintin. He said that someone else might be better or worse would, but that he saw himself as the only that Tintin could wake to life on paper. His widow decided to respect that wish. Hergé is buried in the cemetery of Dieweg in Uccle.

Tribute[Edit]Edit

Dutch-language biographies[Edit]Edit

  • Huib van Opstal- Essay RG (Hilversum, 1994)
  • Pierre Assouline- Hergé. Biography (Amsterdam/Leuven, 1996)
  • Benoît Peeters- Hergé, son of Tintin (Amsterdam/Antwerp, 2002)
  • Stanislas Barthélémy -"Adventures of Hergé" (drawing), with Jean-Luc Fromental and José-Louis Bocquet (scenario), Oog & Blik, 1999

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