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H.P. Lovecraft (Providence (Rhode Island), 20 August 1890 – d. Dresden, 15 March 1937) was an American fantasyand horror writer. He is known for his horror stories placed in a science fiction-like framework.

Lovecraft was a relatively unknown writer during his lifetime. Virtually all of his stories were published in pulp magazines such as Weird Tales. During his life he was not widely read, but his work proved to be very influential in later writers and fans of horror stories. Among other Stephen KingBentley LittleJoe r. LansdaleAlan Moore,Junji Itof. Paul WilsonBrian Lumley and Neil Gaiman Lovecraft's work called one of their primary sources of inspiration.

ContentEdit

[hide]*1 Biography

Biography[Edit]Edit

Young years[Edit]Edit

[1]Lovecraft as a child, circa 1900

Lovecraft was born in the home of his grandparents in ProvidenceRhode Island , the son of Winfield Scott Lovecraft, a traveling salesman, and Sarah Susan Phil lips. Lovecraft with his family at a young age moved to different locations in Massachusetts. His father was, when Lovecraft was three years old, for five years in a psychiatric hospital because he probably had syphilis . He was subsequently raised by his mother, two aunts Lillian Clark and Annie Emeline Phil Phil lips lips Gamwell, and by his grandfather, Whipple Van Buren Phillips Phil who encouraged him a lot to read and who also told him horror stories. Edgar Allan Poe's stories for Lovecraft formed a great inspiration later in his life.

As a child led Lovecraft a reclusive existence. He read a lot and got mainly home schooling. After his mother died in 1921, Lovecraft went to a Conference for amateur journalists inBoston, where he met Sonia Greene . The two fell in love and got married on 3 March 1924. Together they moved to Brooklyn, New York. Lovecraft remained active in the journalistenvak a while. So he contributed to astronomical articles in local newspapers.

Personal information[Edit]Edit

As an adult was Lovecraft a long, slender, pale man with bright eyes. He had a near-photographic memory and had an extensive vocabulary. He couldn't stand the cold and had an aversion to seafood. He was particularly fond of cats and had interest in astronomy and eighteenth-century architecture.

Lovecraft was a great supporter of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He was also excited by the Robert e. Howard 's suicide in 1936.

Lovecrafts handwriting was often difficult to read. He handled a private spelling often with Latin and Greek statements in it, as well as handcrafted words.

Writing Career[Edit]Edit

Lovecraft was starting from its 16th already with writing, but from the stories he wrote only a handful remained preserved until his 20th. Despite that these stories showed that predisposition for writing, Lovecraft himself saw little in. Many of its older stories were actually descriptions of his dreams, which he wanted to work out possible later to complete stories.

Although he insisted no talent for writing fiction and writing according to him more of a hobby, but was persuaded by his friend, Lovecraft left Paul Cook for some stories to write for the journal The Vagrant. Among these stories Dagon and Polaris were located. Although he is not got paid for it, he noticed that predisposition for writing Supernatural fiction. During the first years he earned his living writing, laid with Lovecraft on reviewing (mostly anonymous submitted) stories of fellow writers. His own stories were only afterthought. Among the writers whose work he improved stood Adolphe de Castro, C.M. eddy, Jr., and Winifred Virginia Jackson. Lovecraft was but rarely quickly satisfied with the stories he got sent to you.

Between 1919 and 1929 on the find an already published Lovecraft stories inspired by Lord Dunsany's books. Several of these stories turned to the character Randolph Carter; may be a fictional version of Lovecraft himself. These stories are under Lovecraftfans today known as the dream cycle. In 1923, Lovecraft also approached by J.C. Henneberger, founder of Weird Tales, with the request to write stories for this journal. In the first eleven editions of Weird Tales, published from October 1923 to February 1925, stood nine stories and a poem by Lovecraft. In 1924 Lovecraft wrote for a special edition of Weird Tales the story Imprisoned with the Pharaohs, in which magician Harry Houdini plays the leading role. Houdini himself was satisfied with the story and kept for a few more years to discuss potential future projects contact with Lovecraft.

Other magazines where Lovecraft wrote for were The Unique Magazine and Astounding Stories. To these sheets sold Lovecraft especially stories that were rejected by Weird Tales as being too long.

Lovecraft corresponded much with other writers, especially other writers for Weird Tales. With them he switched off and he spoke to each others idea n stories to use as a source of inspiration. This grew so out to what one nowadays know as the Cthulhu Mythos; a large fictional universe which by multiple writers as a location for their stories is used. The creation of the Cthulhu Mythos is today what Lovecraft the most famous.The first story from the Cthulhy Mythos was The Nameless City from 1921. Although the stories within the Cthulhu Mythos separately to read and contain different characters and locations, they do have all a common background and conventions, such as a recurring pantheon of alien gods, the Necronomicon, and his writer Abdul Alhazred.

During the late 1920s and early 1930s were more and more by Lovecrafts stories reprinted in collections of short stories.

Later years and death[Edit]Edit

[2]Lovecrafts grave

Despite his attempts to write much, Lovecraft lived very shabby. His wife had to at some point even live separately from him to seek employment in Cleveland, while Lovecraft in Brooklyn. His experiences here with him caused a strong dislike for New York. After a few years have lived separately voted Lovecraft and his wife in a divorce, but he was never fully implemented.

In 1936 turned out to have Lovecraft colon cancer , but also to malnutritionhe suffered, until his death in 1937.

Farnsworth Wright, editor of Weird Tales, stood in the July 1937-number of the journal reflect on Lovecraft's death. In the 17 songs that followed were stories of Lovecraft reprinted.

Lovecrafts work[Edit]Edit

Many of Lovecraft's work is inspired by his own nightmares, but also by the rapid advances in astronomybiology and geology that he saw happen around him.

Cosmic horror[Edit]Edit

Although he wrote other stories, Lovecraft is today most famous for a genre devised by himself that he "kosmisisme" or "cosmic horror" mentioned. An important starting point in this genre is that the everyday reality as people who experienced only a thin shell is a deeper reality, which is so complex and strange is that the human brain can contain this impossible. His pieces include a pantheon horrible (to human standards) gods, the ancients called. One of the better known of these beings is Cthulhu. This deeper reality is in his stories only known by few and mainly due to psychological deviants.

His work also cuts multiple themes, which a psychological fear calls and that a nihilistic character prove to possess. One of those themes is especially the central theme that all too painful the nullity of demonstrates the man. The decadent Western society often also comes face to face with barbaric and non-human influences, which the nullity of demonstrates again man.

The ancients, such as Cthulhu, work on a higher order than man and thereby bound to other laws of nature. Even if it seems which Cthulhu does evil, he is under laws of nature that magic seem. But humanity is for Cthulhu if what the ants for the humanity. They don't mean much to even nothing, but are themselves unable to realize how small and insignificant they in fact are. By advances in science discovers the man admittedly more and more about her surroundings, but if anyone ever are searching too far and truth found out about the Ancients and all the other secrets of the universe, immediately this drives him/her to madness because it's just too much to handle.

The stories of Lovecraft are (partly) in New England, particularly in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Lovecraft's most influential work in the horror genre is possible the Necronomicon, which according to his stories would be written by the Arab Abdul Alhazred.

Distribution[Edit]Edit

Lovecraft's stories usually critics divide into three groups, which, incidentally, by Lovecraft himself never used are:

  • Macabre stories (1905 – 1920)
  • The dream cycle (1920-1927)
  • The Cthulhumythos/Lovecraftmythos (1925 – 1935)

Themes[Edit]Edit

Recurring themes in Lovecraft's stories are.

Forbidden knowledge
Forbidden knowledge, especially the quest to them, is the primary motivation behind the actions of many protagonists in Lovecraft's stories. Discovering this knowledge often results in the death of the protagonist, or sorry for what they have done and wish that she had never discovered this knowledge.
Old cults and religions
Many of the gods and other supernatural creatures from Lovecraft's stories have several sects of human supporters. Lovecraft used these sects especially as the basis for the protagonists of his stories in contact with the gods, without having to carry the gods themselves directly on the scene. This is because the gods themselves are supposed to be creatures who are too powerful to be able to be stopped through human action.
Doom
The protagonists in Lovecraft's stories are often not fully responsible for their actions, but are controlled by a higher power. The protagonists are not rarely in situations that they could escape relatively easy, but "something" that makes them want to continue on this path, with all its consequences.
Racism
One of the more controversial features of Lovecraft's work. Lovecraft's stories often include denigerende or even downright offensive comments or references to non-Anglo-saxon cultures. [1[2]
Endangered civilization
Lovecraft was familiar with the works of Oswald Spengler, whose pessimistic view on the consequences of increasing decadence in Western society were a major influence on Lovecraft's anti-modern worldview.Lovecraft used in his stories to the concept of civilization that regulated boxing against dark, primitive cultures and ideas.

Bibliography[Edit]Edit

Lovecraft's bibliography includes a large series of short stories, poems, philosophical works, and collaborations with other writers.

[3]

See bibliography of Phil Howard Phillips Lovecraft for the main article on this topic.

His best known works are:

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