The Eurovision Song Contest 1956 since 24 may is an annual presentation and competition of songs and is broadcast on television throughout Europe; Since 1967 , the festival also broadcast in countries outside Europe . Furthermore, the festival on the internet to follow. The festival has the name due to the Eurovision TV Distribution Network, part of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). At the song festival can join any active member of the EBU, making also some countries that participate are just outside Europe . 
- 2 big five
- 3 History
- Jury 4
- 5 Organization
- 6 Prizes
- 7 Winners
- 8 number of victories and organised festivals
- 9 participating countries
- 10 Editions
- 11 Statistics
- 12 Official discography
- 13 Belgian entries
- Dutch entries 14
- 15 Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- 16 see also
- 17 external links
In the Eurovision Song Contest are France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and Spain considered the main five countries, that is the most important financial sponsors. Every year, these countries are assured of a place in the final.
- Participants: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany and Switzerland
The first song festival, based on the Italian Sanremo Music Festival, was a brainchild of the EBU. The first festival took place in 1956, when seven countries took part, each with two songs. Three countries, Denmark,Austria and the United Kingdom, were disqualified because their notification came in too late.
In 1957 the three "lost countries" there, two more in the coming years.
Soon the number of participating countries grew further. The following countries debuted in the 1960s:
The following countries debuted in the 1970s:
Some countries pulled themselves back again. Denmark did not between 1966 and 1978 Danish broadcasting because the festival an example of bad taste was made. In 1970 , the other Scandinavian countries,Austria and Portugal back once after the debacle of 1969, when there at the festival in Madrid were up to four winners. That same festival was boycotted by Austria, because of the regime of dictator Franco in Spain.Liechtenstein In 1976 wanted to join in, but because the country does not have its own national broadcaster has that could not continue.
First were the chansons that particularly the traditional good did on the festival. In 1974 won the Swedish group ABBA with Waterloo (and was after world famous) and the advent of pop groups, and with it a piece of modernization, was a fact. Waterloo was in 2005 in Copenhagen the Danish voted best songfestivalhit of all time.
In the 1980s there came new countries on:
Morocco debuted in 1980 and finished in second to last place with 7 points. Hereinafter referred to as Morocco never returned back to the festival.
Once again came In the 1990s countries in:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (1993), Croatia (1993), Slovenia (1993), Estonia (1994), Hungary (1994), Lithuania (1994), Poland (1994), Romania (1994), Russia (1994), Slovakia (1994), Macedonia (1998)
In 1992 there were 23 participants eventually, when there are new developments arose. Yugoslavia, or what was left, it would be for the last time in 1992 with singer Extra Nena. Slovenia and Croatia were already at that time independent and sins the festival on their own.
A sizable group of Eastern European countries that were members of the EBU, wanted to join. Because 30 or more countries in the Eurovision song contest something too much of a good thing was, was there after a trial with a preliminary round for "new" countries in 1993 in Ljubljana decided on a new system, in which the countries that ended up in the lower positions-this changed over the years between 5 and 8 countries-had to skip a year. This earned for Belgium for a year in 1994 work order immediately on, because of the last place for Barbara Dex. In 1995, the same fate struck Netherlands because Willeke Alberti the year before had gone down considerably with the 23rd place of 25 participants.
In 1993, Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina did for the first time as independent countries, and Lithuania followed in 1994, Estonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Hungary, a few years later, followed by Macedonia.
In 1993 it was also the last year that Luxembourg, 5-time winner of the Eurovision Song Contest, would participate in the festival, as it is not certainly more knew or could it to meet the financial obligations when the festival would win. This may sound strange since Luxembourg one of the richest States in the world, but the Luxembourg broadcaster that has the publiekeomroepfunctie, RTL Tele Letzebuerg is-despite the fact that it is part of the largest commercial television group of Europe, but of very modest size. Italy left it after 1997 (after all a few years to have skipped) failed. The reason for this is never officially stated, but the new rule that all countries had to broadcast the festival live from now on and the limited advertising opportunities may have played a role in this would. It is relatively unknown song festival at the Italian public and far from popular. It is therefore for the Italian broadcaster RAI commercial far less interesting than the national San Remo-festival.
Incidentally, the waste system temporarily after several years (1997-2001) replaced by a system in which the countries with the lowest points average over the last five years were. In 1996 there was a all countries that so wished were allowed to do with it. When, however, Germany, one of the largest financial supporters of the festival, comes with out of the game, it was decided that the four countries that contribute the most (besides United Kingdom Germany France Spain, and also the) each year were allowed to participate, regardless of their results. This rule was in force only in 1999 and still applies, but came into question after the festival of 2005 when these countries the four worst results achieved.
From 1997 the contest went further with the times. The juries decided (consisting of a mix of professionals and people who had nothing to do with the music world) about to give the points, starting from now, it was the people at home who by means of televoting per telephone, sms, and later also could indicate the winner per. Could this in just five countries In 1997, but in 1998 did almost all participating countries involved, and since 2004 is televoting obligatory in all countries.
The following countries debuted in the first decade of the 21st century:
- Latvia Ukraine (2000), (2003), Andorra (2004), Albania (2004), Belarus (2004), Serbia and Montenegro (2004), Bulgaria (2005), Moldova (2005), Armenia (2006), Georgia (2007), Montenegro (2007), Serbia(2007), Czech Republic (2007), Azerbaijan (2008), San Marino (2008).
In 2004, there was another wave of new participants and also Monaco came back after a long absence. To make this possible was thoroughly revised the rules of procedure. From now on there would be a preliminary round, come a few days before the festival, from which the 10 best songs would qualify for the grand final. The countries that were terminated at the top 10 the previous year were guaranteed access to the final.
The festival of 2004 was held on 12 and 15 may in the Turkish city Istanbul and presented by Meltem Cumbul and Korhan Abay. Winner was the Ukrainian singer Ruslana with Wild dances. Interestingly, since the winner is determined by televoting, the visual aspect, or the act, seems to be more important than ever. 2004 was no exception in this regard: the winning number was brought with a whirling dance show. Netherlands and Belgium ended up on this song festival in the lower regions (respectively 20th and 22nd place on 24 participants in the final) and therefore had to take part in the preliminary round in 2005.
In 2005 the festival took place in Kiev on 19 and 21 may. It was also a Jubilee, the 50th Eurovision Song Contest. The event was won by Helena Paparizou the Greek with the song My number one. Once again there were new participating countries (see above). Hungary was after an absence of 7 years back. Lebanon might actually be the third debuting country, with the song Quand tout s'enfuit with highly acclaimed French singer Aline Lahoud, but not broadcast the song of Israel wanted Lebanon because the Lebanese Broadcasting here legally not entitled (see also: Lebanon in the Eurovision Song Contest). According to the regulations, however, have to the participating countries any other contributions corporations, both in the semifinal and in the final. Also Czech Republic would participate for the first time, but left already for the disqualification of Lebanon is not there. Eventually the number of participants was 39, a record number.
On 22 October 2005 there was a 2.5 hour anniversary 50 years Eurovision Song Contest broadcast from Copenhagen, where some past participants including Johnny Logan and Dana International performed. The Swedish group ABBA won this festival with their song Waterloo. Waterloo was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest in 1974.
Also in 2006 in Athens there was a debuting country: Armenia. Scored an 8th place that country and thus a direct ticket to the final of 2007. Winner was the Finnish band Lordi. This was the first time Finland won the festival. Georgia would also a newcomer this year, but the Georgian broadcaster gave to not meet the participation costs of € 50 000. Austria withdrew in 2006 because one finds the festival no longer fit the current Austrian music world. For more about this festival of 2006, see: Eurovision Song Contest 2006.
In 2007 Georgia did so bad. Also Czech Republic debuted in 2007. In 2007 Austria and Hungary also came back on stage in Helsinki. San Marino showed interest to make his debut for 2008. Italy wanted to return after 10-year absence in 2008 . In Serbia won the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. In this way, continued the tradition of the 21st century remains: every time a country won for the first time.
The edition of 2008 took place in Belgrade, Serbia. For the first time in history two semifinals were held: the first on Tuesday May 20, the second on Thursday 22 May. The final was held on 24 May and was won byRussia. Singer Dima Bilantook part, on behalf of Russia, who had previously won with the song Believe.
For the edition of 2009 in Moscow was again introduced a jury, which for half of the total number of points count towards (the other half remains the result of televoting). Winner was Alexander Rybak with Fairytalewith 387 points, the highest score so far.
During the 2010 edition was the occurrence of Spain upset by Jimmy Jump, a Spaniard that is known to disrupt large public events. At the Eurovision song contest he went between the dancers sit and joined the act.Soon he was removed from the stage. As a result, at the end of the series a second chance for the Spanish songs submission allowed. Jump got a fine of 15,000 Norwegian kroner for this disruption. The winner of the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 was Lena for Germany.
Italy returned back In 2011 after 13 years of absence. Austria also Hungary, San Marino and returned. There were 43 countries, equaling the record from 2008. For the first time used a vertigo shot, during the opening.
In 2012 did 42 countries with it. Poland and Armenia were absent, but Montenegro was there again for the first time since 2009. Sweden's entry, Euphoria, Loreens won this edition. For the first time the vertigo shot during a performance used (that of Israel).
Did 39 countries In 2013. This edition was won by Denmark with the song Only teardrops by Emmelie de Forest. In 2014 and it was Austria that 37 countries did with Conchita Wurst and his Rise like a phoenix the victory on a consulting basis.
Except for the first festival, when only seven countries participated, one song per country competing with it. Because of a growing number of potential participants is sought different ways since 1993 to limit the number of participants, so that also the countries of the former Eastern bloc, which developed from that year claimed, could do without that the program was too long. A song should not last longer than three minutes.
The current rules of procedure indicates that by country elements are permitted to stand up to six performers on stage. That should not later than 31 december of the year of participation at least 16 years old. There is no restriction with regard to their nationality, so for example the Canadian Celine Dion could represent Switzerland. Also some smaller countries such as Monaco and Luxembourg, names often resorted to foreign artists. In the period from 1973 to 1976 and from 1999 is it allowed to sing in any language. Many countries choose since then for the English because one finds that one can reach the public better in this language.
Artists who participated more than once include Lys Assia (Switzerland), Fud Leclerc (Belgium), Louis Neefs (Belgium), Peter, Sue & Marc (Switzerland), Sandra Reemer (Netherlands), Maggie MacNeal (Netherlands),Anne-Marie David (Luxembourg/France), Corry Brokken (Netherlands), Edsilia Rombley (Netherlands), Carola (Sweden), Jahn Teigen (Norway), Domenico Modugno (Italy), Hot Eyes (Denmark), Elena Paparizou(Greece), Ireen Sheer (Germany/Luxembourg), Katja Ebstein (Germany), Lena Meyer-Landrut (Germany)Kirsti Sparboe , (Norway), Romuald (Luxembourg/Monaco), Tommy Seebach (Denmark), Udo Jürgens(Austria), Şebnem Paker (Turkey), Wind (Germany), Chiara Siracusa (Malta), Karolina Gočeva (Fyr Macedonia), Ich Troje (Poland), Anna Vissi (Greece/Cyprus), Evridiki (Cyprus), Elpida (Greece/Cyprus), Cliff Richard (United Kingdom), Selma Björnsdóttir (Iceland), Charlotte Perrelli (Sweden), Dima Bilan (Russia), Gigliola Cinquetti (Italy), Feminnem (Bosnia and Herzegovina/Croatia), The Swarbriggs (Ireland), Johnny Logan (Ireland)Linda Martin , (Ireland), Sakis Rouvas (Greece), Niamh Kavanagh (Ireland), Jedward (Ireland), Valentina Monetta (San Marino) and Vicky Leandros (Luxembourg).
-  Albania
-  Andorra
-  Armenia
-  Azerbaijan
-  Belgium
-  Bosnia and Herzegovina
-  Bulgaria
-  Cyprus
-  Denmark
-  Germany
-  Estonia
-  Finland
-  France
-  Georgia
-  Greece
-  Hungary
-  Ireland
-  Iceland
-  Israel
-  Italy
-  Croatia
-  Latvia
-  Lithuania
-  Luxembourg
-  Macedonia
-  Malta
-  Morocco
-  Moldova
-  Monaco
-  Montenegro
-  Netherlands
-  Norway
-  Ukraine
-  Austria
-  Poland
-  Portugal
-  Romania
-  Russia
-  San Marino
-  Serbia
-  Slovenia
-  Slovakia
-  Spain
-  Czech Republic
-  Turkey
-  United Kingdom
-  Belarus
-  Sweden
-  Switzerland
-  Yugoslavia: up to 1992 participated (after independent participations of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, and Serbia and Montenegro)
-  Serbia and Montenegro: participated in 2004 and 2005 (both as independent States since 2007)
The winner of the festival is determined by giving points by each participating country (since 1975 this is 1 to 8, 10 and 12) to their ten favorite songs. This shall be obligatory In all countries through 50% televoting and 50% juries. Each viewer can by phone at the song of his or her preference votes. Participating countries should not in itself votes. The criticism to this is that the votes of small countries just as heavy as large countries while there are less people have voted. The presenters call on the President of the jury of each country via a satellite connection on. This gives the points by. Until and including 2003 reiterated the presenters the points in French and English, country, via the fixed structure number of points. That happened first in the language in which the points were given, and then again in the other language. In 2004 and 2005 reiterated the presenters the points available in the language other than in which the points are given. As of 2006 the points 1 to 7 appear in the score browser. Items 8, 10 and 12 shall be given by the spokesman for the jury. The presenter reiterates the points in the language other than in which the points are given.
At the mention of the points using an international English or French name for the country. Since 1997 it is mandatory to Netherlands in English as ' The Netherlands ' or. This to avoid confusion between ' Poland ' and ' Holland ' to occur. Macedonia must be because of a disagreement with Greece be referred to with its full name, the "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia).
Because every country passes a number of points, it happens only rarely that a country remains completely without points. If this does happen, it is known as zero points, a contraction of the French and the Englishzero points, the two languages of the EBU. The following countries, among other zero points:
- Jahn Teigen remained winless In 1978 for Norway.
- Austria got both in 1988 and in 1991 no point.
- In 2003, the duo! for the United Kingdom "nil points", which caused consternation in own country. The duo considered as ' Nil Points ' to proceed.
- In 1962 The spoilsports got no point for Netherlands; a year later, Jones P remained empty handed down.
- The Belgian Fud Leclerc got no points for his entry in 1962. Lize Marke also got nothing in 1965 for her Belgian entry.
- In 1962 remained next to the Belgium and Netherlands also points out for Austria and Spain.
- Piero Esteriore & The Musicstars song could in the semifinal of 2004 in Istanbul get no points for Switzerland.
- Gipsy.cz could perform in the first semifinal of 2009 in Moscow get no points for the Czech Republic.
There are a total of 34 songs which no points have been given. Norway happened to this four times and is record holder. Norway holds the record to last places (11 times, with 2012 as last time).
The honor of organizing the Eurovision Song Contest goes to the winner of the previous year. Exception to this were the festivals of 1957, 1960, 1963, 1972, 1974 and 1980.
The festival is at the end of may (but in previous years also called at the end of may or in March or april) on Saturday night at 9.00 pm Central European time broadcast live. In countries with Western European timeis this than at 20: 00 and in countries with Eastern European time at 22: 00. The festival of 2012 was in Azerbaijan by the local time difference of 3 hours with the Central European time there actually broadcast on Sunday night from 00: 00 where the scoring and the winner until well after 3 pm local time were known.
Sometimes it is suggested that participants send some poor countries because the cost of the Eurovision song contest for the host broadcaster would be too high. Many pop groups and singers started their careers with participation in the Eurovision song contest.
Besides winning the Eurovision Song Contest there since 2002 to win the Marcel Bezençon Awards , named after the inventor of the festival.
- Press Award -determined by the accredited media and press.
- Artistic Award -determined by the commentators of the participating countries (until 2009 by the former participants of the festival)
- Composer Award -determined by the composers and lyricists of the songs of the year in question
The Eurovision Song Contest is won by Ireland seven times, that record holder is. If the second and third places be included, it would have been the most successful so far: United Kingdom 15 times this country obtained the second place; It won five times. France, Luxembourg and Sweden also won five times; Netherlands won four times.
Belgium won the festival in 1986, with the song J'aime la vie by Sandra Kim. Netherlands won four times with; Just like when by Corry Brokken (1957), a little by Teddy Scholten (1959), De troubadour by Lenny Kuhr(1969, shared gain) and thing-a-dong by teach-in (1975). To the winning song by Dana in 1970, All kinds of everything, worked the Orchestra conducted by Dolf van der Linden , and in 1985 won the NorwegianBobbysocks with La det swinge, an Eddy Ouwens-production with a choreography by Donald Jones. The Group won In 2001, Tanel Padar, Dave Benton & 2XL with the song contest "Everybody". Benton is an Aruban born and made this yet for Dutch success. Estonia was also the first Eastern European winner.
The most successful artist is Johnny Logan. This won the contest for Ireland three times, including two times as interpreter. Also the Irish Brendan Graham and Rolf Løvland composed the Norwegian know in two winning songs. The Dutchman Willy van Hemert wrote twice a winning text.
|1||||7 (1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996)||7|
|2||||5 (1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977)||3|
|||5 (1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983)||4|
|||5 (1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997)||8|
|||5 (1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012)||5|
|6||||4 (1957, 1959, 1969, 1975)||4|
|7||||3 (1963, 2000, 2013)||3|
|||3 (1978, 1979, 1998)||2|
|||3 (1985, 1995, 2009)||3|
|10||||2 (1982, 2010)||3|
|||2 (1964, 1990)||2|
|||2 (1966, 2014)||1|
|||2 (1968, 1969)||2|
|||2 (1956, 1988)||2|
|Year||Debuting countries||Withdrawing countries||Returning countries|
This is a list of top ten markings of all participating countries. Countries in grey listed do no more with it.
- In 1956, only the first place erbijgeteld
Since 2000, the Organization of the Eurovision Song Contest a cd with all the entries of the year in question. As of 2004 there is also a dvd with recordings of the television broadcasts of the Eurovision Song Contest.
- 2000: Eurovision Song Contest 2000 Stockholm Ariola/BMG-7765872 (24 tracks)
- 2001: Eurovision Song Contest Copenhagen 2001 Ariola/BMG (23 tracks)
- 2002: Eurovision Song Contest Estonia 2002 Ariola/BMG (24 tracks)
- 2003: Eurovision Song Contest Riga 2003 EMI-5843942 (26 tracks)
- 2004: Eurovision Song Contest Istanbul 2004 EMI-5770012 (36 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2005: Eurovision Song Contest Kiev 2005 EMI-3120022 (39 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2006: Eurovision Song Contest Athens 2006 EMI-3653692 (37 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2007: Eurovision Song Contest Helsinki 2007 EMI-94639454 (42 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2008: Eurovision Song Contest Belgrade 2008 EMI-921699726 (43 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2009: Eurovision Song Contest Moscow 2009 EMI-969968020 (42 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2010: Eurovision Song Contest Oslo 2010 EMI-964171722 (39 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2011: Eurovision Song Contest Düsseldorf 2011 EMI-0970562 (43 tracks, 2 CDs)
- 2012: Eurovision Song Contest Baku 2012 (42 tracks; 2 CDs)
- 2013: Eurovision Song Contest Malmö 2013 (39 tracks; 2 CDs)
- 2004: Eurovision Song Contest Istanbul 2004 (36 clips, 2 DVDs)
- 2005: Eurovision Song Contest Kiev 2005 (39 clips, 2 DVDs)
- 2006: Eurovision Song Contest Athens 2006 (37 clips, 2 DVDs)
- 2007: Eurovision Song Contest Helsinki 2007 (42 clips, 2 DVDs)
- 2008: Eurovision Song Contest Belgrade 2008 (43 clips, 3 DVDs)
- 2009: Eurovision Song Contest Moscow 2009 (42 clips, 3 DVDs)
- 2010: Eurovision Song Contest Oslo 2010 (39 clips, 3 DVDs)
- 2011: Eurovision Song Contest Düsseldorf 2011 (43 clips, 3 DVDs)
- 2012: Eurovision Song Contest Baku 2012 (42 clips, 3 DVDs)
- 2013: Eurovision Song Contest Malmö 2013 (42 clips, 3 DVDs)
Netherlands Belgium does like from the first year with it, and had to only in 1994, 1997 and 2001 demise, because of poor results in previous years. The Belgian entry takes place every year alternately referred to or chosen by the Flemish broadcaster (VRT) and the French-speaking broadcaster (RTBF). In 2007 it was up to the last. Where once took care of a Belgian RTBF profit thanks to Sandra Kim, is the best result obtained by the Dutch broadcaster shared sixth place, namely by Bob Benny (1959) with the song Love me anyway. In 2003 Belgium knew a great success by with Sanomi by Urban Trad to finish in second place after Sertab.Thereby directly in 2004 if Belgium in the finals, but scored Xandee very weak. The subsequent five years knew Belgium not to qualify for the final, with the absolute low of the decade the penultimate place in the semifinals with one point in 2009. Tom Dice In 2010 to break the ban. Belgium managed to place via the semifinal for the first time for the grand finale. Tom Dice was 6th in Oslo and this was while a Belgian victory-as previously cited, and in 1959 was the other best Flemish place sixth place, all names there when many fewer countries participated in the Eurovision Song Contest. In 2013 could for the first time a Belgian candidate,Roberto Bellarosa, qualify for the final.
Netherlands does since 1956 participated in the song festival. In 1985 and 1991 the NIS decided not to join the festival, because this took place on 4 may, the day of the remembrance day. Because of poor results in the previous year was Netherlands there in 1995 and also not in 2002 . The Dutch entry is traditionally chosen in the Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest.
In 2000 , the NOS Eurovision broadcast to cease at 10 p.m. after the explosion of a fireworks storage place in Enschede. This allowed the Dutch public not to join the televoting. In 2009 the NIS decided to stop broadcasting. The TROS took over.
In 2013 was represented for the first time in nine years Netherlands in the final thanks to Anouk, who won the 6th place in the first semifinal. In the final she finished in 9th place.
The Dutch preliminary round for the Eurovision Song Contest is titled the Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest. In 1956, this preliminary round for the first time. Over the years there for many different formats chosen to the Dutch entry to determine.
Since 2003, there is also a Eurovision Song Contest for children held; the Junior Eurovision Song Contest. Denmark organized in 2000 and 2001 The unges melodi grand prix, which became the Melodi Grand Prix Nordic; a Scandinavian song festival for children. The EBU saw recordings of the show and decided to make an official festival.