The generally accepted system of the 39 traditional counties arose between the 12th and 16th century, although the demarcation of many areas already is much older. These areas are in the course of time established as geographical frame of reference. There is some debate whether the law that was adopted in 1844 to simplify the counties due to the large number of exclaves to reduce this must be taken into account.Administrative counties in 1974.Administrative counties since 1998.
Elected county councils in England (county councils) were set up in 1888. This took many administrative duties of the Quarter Sessionscourts, and were given more powers over the years. New areas were introduced and were called administrative counties (administrative counties). The County of Londonwas, that parts of the historic Kent,Middlesex and Surrey included. Many historic counties – which incidentally were raised – were not formally divided into two (Suffolk, Sussex, Hampshire and Northamptonshire,Cambridgeshire) or three (Yorkshire, Lincolnshire) administrative counties. The independent county boroughs did not fall under an administrative County.
In 1974 the whole local Government was reorganized. The county boroughs disappeared, and the term administrative county , formally — though it still used in practice to distinguish them from the traditional and ceremonial counties. There were many new counties formed, and other disappeared. A new category was created for the sixmetropolitan counties large urban areas outside London: Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Tyne and Wear, West Midlands and West Yorkshire.
In 1990 the local Government was reformed again. There have been many small unitary authorities (unitary authorities); These are districts that do not have the status of England, but in terms of directors be independent of the County.
As of 2005 there are 81 administrative counties. Of these 34 shire counties , each with one county council and several district councils (District Councils), 40 unitary authorities and six metropolitan counties. About Berkshireremains, where the county council has been lifted and the County districts have become unitary authorities, but without status.Bristol occupies a very special place in The city of Bristol, is at the same time a County. It is associated with the City of London the only city in England with the status of County.Finally, there is also Greater London.Ceremonial counties since 1998.
These are the areas in which a Lord-Lieutenant authority. They are roughly equivalent to the administrative counties of 1974, with a few deviations.