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Badminton is an Olympic sport that is played with a racket and a shuttle. The shuttle, which can be made of nylon or feathers, is just back and forth over a beaten with the rackets. Badminton is played in a room, so there is no interference from wind and other weather conditions. There will be played in five different disciplines.

In Asian countries (including ChinaViet NamIndonesia and Malaysia) is massively played badminton. The Western countries are especially Denmark and Great Britain  has significant achievements in the field of the badminton sport. Badminton had been since 1992 on the program of the Olympic Games. Before that it was twice an Olympic demonstration sport; in 1972 and 1988.

Nationally recognized authorities of the badminton sport in Netherlands: the Netherlands Badminton (BN), and in Belgium: the Belgian Badminton Federation (Badminton Flanders (BV) and Ligue Francophone Belge de Badminton (LFBB) together). The highest international body is the Badminton World Federation (BWF) (Badminton World Federation), based in Kuala LumpurMalaysia.

ContentEdit

[hide]*Origin 1

Origin[Edit]Edit

[1][2]Battledore and shuttlecockdepicted in 1804.

There are many different theories about the origin of badminton, but it is General from that badminton originated in British India.There are known from the beginning of 19th century images in which the game battledore and shuttlecock played. The game also is known to be strong similarities with ball badminton, from Tamil Nadu, and with hanetsuki, coming from Japan. The British soldiers were playing badminton in India. There it was, however, named after the city of PunePune. Later it came to Englandin 1873 , it was practiced on the estate of the Duke of BeaufortBadminton. [1]

A well-known American badminton authority, Ken Davidson, immersed himself in the history of badminton. There are several paintings of English and French origin from which he could deduce that there has already been a similar game is played in Europe. These games were under different names known. The French name was jeu de longue plume (game of the long plume). From 1873 the game overall called badminton. [2]

General game rules[Edit]Edit

[3][4]Playing Field

A game of badminton consists of 2 or 3 games of 21 points. There are renewals at 20-20: there is played until there are 2 points difference or, if it doesn't, one plays to 30 points. So the game can end up with a maximum of 29 against 30 points. Who wins two games, is the winner of the party. If it's 1-1, a third and deciding game played.

The badminton court is divided by a net on 1.55 metres height at the stand. In the Middle should not hang lower than the net 1,524 meters. The net itself must be 0.76 metres high. The ropes which just made should be dark in color and of uniform thickness. The mesh size should range from 15 to 20 millimeters. The net must be at least 6.1 metres long and have a White Board at the top of 75 millimeters which is allocated over the cable where it just hangs. The lines that mark the field to 40 millimeters thick.

There is served privately to the field diagonally across from the box from which is served. It should hit the shuttle at the time of itself in its entirety under the resource of the server are. ("The Center" is in this context an imaginary line around the body of the server, running over the lowest point of both lower ribs). The service must also be struck with one smooth motion. The shuttle is beaten back and forth over the net (a rally). Once the shuttle on the ground, the game stopped. Depending on whether the shuttle within/on the lines (in) or outside the lines (from) falls is assessed how the game continues. If the shuttle on the ground by an error of the serving party, the service is transferred to the other party and that party gets a point. If the error made by the opposing team, gets the serving party a point and he continues to the storage.

New points score from 2006[Edit]Edit

Since February 1, 2006, however, experimented with a new scoring system to make the game more attractive to the public. In the spring of 2006 it was decided this new rally-point system to enter from the badminton season that officially began in August 2006. Previously one could only make points on the own service and there was a distinction between men and women. (ladies, men's census count to 11 points to 15 points) In the new scoring system this distinction is no longer made; Ladies and gentlemen are equivalent. The count goes for both sexes to 21 points per game;

Both players are on 20 points with two points difference must be won. However, both players are on 29 points, then the next point will be decisive for the profit of the game or contest. There is still best of three games played.

Large events were already under the new system played in the 2005-2006 season, for example the Dutch open (winner Mia Audina told that this new system very heavy, especially for the mental condition).

Errors[Edit]Edit

Badminton has the following errors:

  • a player beats the shuttle outside the lines (out)
  • a player beats the shuttle into the net
  • a player hits the shuttle more than once (no error as the shuttle in 1 battle both with the sheet as the lining is hit.)
  • a player hits the shuttle with his body when the shuttle is in the game.
  • a player hits the net, for the shuttle on the ground cases (except if the opponent the shuttle on its side has beaten the shuttle against the net and on his side falls down.)
  • a player beats the shuttle back for that above the private field is
  • a player stands in a line when serving (foot error)
  • a player skips the service in the wrong box
  • overhand save
    • a player serves and hitting the shuttle is not fully covered at the time of the plea, under the medium means here, among the lower rib
    • a player serves and hitting the shuttle during the steel of the racket pointing somewhat down, horizontal should not
  • the shuttlecock hits during a rally not to the playing field belonging objects (ceiling, Poles left/right of the playing field)
  • a player beats by the net with his racket at the time the shuttle in the game is.

Watch[Edit]Edit

A referee can decide if the rally is over or during a let to play, this means that the points count for the rally was maintained and that the rally is played again.

There is a let played in the following situations:

  • The referee cannot properly assess whether the shuttle falls inside or outside the lines.
  • It was not sure whether the receiving party was ready to start at the next rally.
  • The shuttle has fallen out of sight during the game (for example over a joist of the gym is played)
  • The shuttle over the net and rolls along the net falls down and ends up on the play half of the player who last struck the shuttle
  • In the opinion of the referee a coach the game upsets.

Game Forms[Edit]Edit

Singles[Edit]Edit

The only game is played on a long, narrow course. For the width, the inner lines, for the length the back line. The score during a game is for both ladies and gentlemen to 21. However, there is a minimal difference of 2 points. This can continue until the 30 points, when this number is reached by a player he won the set. It has one service per person; makes the server/waitress an error then the service to the opponent. There may be both points made by the serving as the receiving party. At an even number of points is served from the right service Court, at an odd number from the left.

Double Play[Edit]Edit

[5][6]Men's Doubles

At the doubles play two players together. This enables two men, two women or a man and a woman. As with singles, both parties one serviced. After each won point should the serving torque of service Court Exchange. The service is in turn made a mistake, then the service turn over to the opponents. The service is at 0 or an even number of points from the right, and at an odd number of points from the given linkerserveervak. Ladies usually begin the game right, although this is not compulsory. The field is at the service wide and short. After the first service one plays on the whole field (wide and long). The outer lines count here.

Technique[Edit]Edit

The battle technique in badminton can subdivide into two categories: the rotation you succeed and the extensions layers. At first, the rotation succeed, a rotation of the forearm (the wrist remains in theory stretched). This movement is sometimes called the windshield wiper in badminton. At the second, the extensions layers, one uses no rotation, one pushes the shuttle over the net, as it were. Important in extension is that the racket immediately after hitting the shuttle stops and goes back to the place where the battle has left, strokes are not finished.

Succeed[Edit]Edit

[7][8]Different stroke variations

Badminton strokes are divided into different categories. Below you can find an overview of the most commonly used offensive and defensive battles. All strokes have a backhand and a forehand variant.

Attacking[Edit]Edit

Attacking strokes are characterized generally by the use of a lot of power in the battles, but also the soft short balls fall under the attacking strokes.

The most famous offensive battle is the smash, this is a battle where the player the shuttle with an overhand movement so hard and/or as effectively as possible on the ground at the opponent. The smash is often used to put pressure on the opponent's strong and so make this an error. The backhand variant of the smash is very little use because the backhand smash is very difficult to learn and at poor technique is not very effective.

Another attacking battle is the tight ball, this is mostly from the side of the field beaten and is tightly beaten to the other side of the field in order to give the opponent no time the shuttle well back to be able to store. A disadvantage of this battle is that he can be very easily intercepted by half way through the field to keep a racket between, through the force of the opponent bounces off the shuttle back to the other side.

The last offensive battle is the short ball, this short ball are a number of variations. You have the short ball from the backfield shortly over the net is played (also called drop shot ) and you have the short ball that is played back in the field from for short (also called called netdrop ). The drop shot and netdrop have many different variants on both the backhand side and the forehand side.

Defensive[Edit]Edit

Also the defensive strokes are again divided into several categories:

-defensive clear: the player beats the shuttle overhand from the backfield with a wide arc to the backfield of the opponent to be on time to get back into position for the next stroke of his opponent. This battle is both with the forehand and the backhand played. Nowadays the defensive clear as little as possible because the attacking game in the badminton has become better over the years.

-smash return: the Player returns the smash of his opponent defended with the backhand grip, often privately, even on the forehand side near the body. Further from the body is on the forehand side the forehand grip used. When the shuttle returns up, there has been a defensive battle. The retourneerder can, however, also with a short or tight return try to take over the attack.

-lob: the player plays the shuttle up privately after a drop shot or netdrop of the opponent. When the player is doing this to get back into position because the opponent threatens to score, the lob is a defensive battle. The lob by the player can also be used offensively as he has the initiative to the opponent to play out of position.

Service[Edit]Edit

[9][10]Different storage variants

The service is divided into the short service, the lobservice and the flickservice.

  • lobservice: The lobservice is played with the forehand and is exclusively in singles to keep the opponent in the back. The lobservice is a defensive battle because the recipient has the chance to save the shuttle down.
  • short service: both in the double-as single game used and by advanced players played mostly with the backhand. Playing the short service seeks to force the receiver to play up or at least not in a defensive position.
  • flickservice: is usually applied in the doubles but also in singles: the service does the server as if he were a short service wants to play but at the last minute he serves the shuttle tight up in the backfield to surprise the recipient. The flickservice is played mostly with the backhand by advanced players.

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