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Audrey Hepburn (Ixelles (Belgium), 4 may 1929 – Tolochenaz (Switzerland), 20 January 1993) was a Dutch-born Belgium ,British actress and philanthropist.

ContentEdit

 [verbergen*1 Biography

Biography[Edit]Edit

1929-1935[Edit]Edit

Audrey Hepburn was born in Ixelles Belgium as Audrey Kathleen Ruston. [1she was a daughter of the British banker Joseph Anthony Hepburn-Ruston and the Dutch Aristocrat Baroness Ella van Heemstra. Ella van Heemstra was a daughter of politician Aarnoud van Heemstra. Audrey Hepburn grew up in the Pebble field Street in Ixelles. Hepburn had two half-brothers from her mother's first marriage with a Dutch Aristocrat, Alexander and Ian Quarles van Ufford. She went to boarding schools inEngland and Netherlands.

1935-1945[Edit]Edit

[1][2]From the screen test for Roman Holiday that was used for the trailer.

After her parents ' divorce in 1935 she lived with her mother in Arnhem during the beginning of the Second World War and theGerman invasion of 1940. Hepburn sat on the Arnhem music school from 1939 to 1945, where she took ballet lessons .

During the German occupation, Hepburn took the pseudonym Edda van Heemstra to avoid its English name. Edda was derived from her mother's name Ella. [2Around 1944, Hepburn has become a proficient ballerina . She secretly danced for groups of people to collect money for the resistance. Later she said: "the best audience I ever had, remained dead silent at the end of my performance".[3]

After the landing of the allies in Normandy on d-day , the living conditions were more difficult because Arnhem was heavily hit by artillery fire gealliëerd during operation Market Garden. During the hunger winter of 1944-1945 made Hepburn, like many others, flour from tulip bulbs to cakes to bake. [4]

Her uncle and a cousin on his mother's side were in front of her eyes shot due to participation in the resistance. Hepburn half-brother Ian van Ufford was trapped in a German labor camp. Suffering from malnutrition, Hepburn acute anemia, respiratory problems and edema. [5]

In 1991 she said:

I still remember that I more than once on the drive saw how wagon loads Jews were drained. Their faces crossed out above the rim. I remember very clearly a little boy who stood on the platform with his parents. He was very pale and very blond with an oversized jacket which stepped on the train. I was a child that looked to another child.
[3][4]Hepburn in the trailer for the filmRoman Holiday (1953)

Hepburn noted its agreements with Anne Frank on:

I was as old as Anne Frank. We were both ten when the war broke out and fifteen at the end. I got the book as proof in the Dutch from a friend in 1946. I read it and was stripped. This brings the first trigger at which it reads. But I read it as a book. This was my own life. ....The book has changed me, so hold me to.
We saw revenge-taking. Young men were put against the wall and shot. They closed off a street and opened him again afterwards. In the Journal I found a place where she says: ' today five hostages shot dead '. That was the day my uncle was shot dead. And in these words of a child I recognized what I was and still is. It was a katharsis for me.This child who was trapped between four walls, had a full report written by all I had felt and experienced.

However, Hepburn also enjoyed a part of her youth. Hepburn again saw a parallel with Anne Frank:

The will to survive is so strong at Anne Frank. Sometimes she writes: ' I am so depressed '. But then she's longing to go cycling. She is clearly a symbol of a child in difficult circumstances, in all my time now where I stop. She transcends her death.

Audrey Hepburn spent her war years including through drawing. A few drawings are now still be seen. [6]

After the Liberation , the trucks with relief supplies. [7Hepburn told in an interview that she was a very can of milk powder leegat and nauseous from her first meal of food assistance because they have too much sugar in her dad had done. [8this experience inspired her later work for UNICEF . [9]

After the liberation in 1945 Hepburn moved to Amsterdam, where she took ballet lessons with Sonia Gaskell and acting classes at the English actor Felix Aylmer. [10]

1948-1953[Edit]Edit

[5][6]Hepburn with Cary Grant inCharade (1963).

After the war at the age of 18, she played a roll as KLM-air hostess in Dutch in seven lessons. The Director of this 1948, Dutch film directed by Charles Huguenot van der Linden, would later claim that he was the discoverer of Hepburn. Later she moved with her mother to London where she took ballet lessons. Audrey always had a passion for ballet and wanted to make it in this world. But no, she was selected by audition. She has also worked as a model and began acting in 1951 movies until later. During a recording in southern France, she was noticed by the writer Colette, that its wanted as lead role in her written piece "Gigi".

1953-1967[Edit]Edit

After a successful series on Broadway, Hepburn did audition for the movie "Roman Holiday". First it was the role of Princess to be played by Elizabeth Taylor, but by contractual problems she had to let the film shoot. The counterpart of Hepburn, Gregory Peck, had during the filming by that he stood in front of a natural talent. He was right, because Hepburn received for this first Hollywoodrol an instant Oscar for best actress. For that price, she would still be nominated four times during her career. Hepburn mother played a walk-on role in the film Funny Face, as a customer of a cafe.

As one of Hollywoods most popular crowd pullers starred Hepburn on the silver screen next to Fred Astaire, among others, Humphrey BogartGary CooperCary GrantRex HarrisonPeter O'TooleGregory Peck,George Peppard, and Sean Connery.

1967-1993[Edit]Edit

[7][8]Hepburn with her first husband Mel Ferrer in War and Peace (1956).

From 1967, after 15 very successful years as an actress, Hepburn took gas back as an actress and she appeared only occasionally in a movie. Her last film was recorded in1988 , just before she was appointed Special Ambassador for the United Nations Children's Fund. In gratitude for her own experiences after the Second World War and due in part to her hardships under the Nazis, she put in during the rest of her life for children in the poorest areas in the world.

Hepburn got In 1992 of the American president George H. W. Bush the "Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of her work for Unicef. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences knew her was posthumously awarded the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for her work in the humanitarian field.

Hepburn is twice married, with actor Mel Ferrer and with the Italian doctor, Andrea Dottiand had two sons, Sean Ferrer and Luca Dotti. The Scottish writer, A.J. Cronin, is theGodfather of Sean. At the time of her death she was the life partner of the Dutch actor Robert Wolders, widower of film star Merle Oberon.

She died in Tolochenaz in the Swiss Canton of Vaud to colon cancer, and is also buried there.

Honors, literary work, movie[Edit]Edit

Hepburn has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in 1652 Vine Street. A passenger plane by the KLM is named in her honor: the McDonnell Douglas MD-11 with registration PH-KCE. In 2004 she was posthumously elected to the woman with the largest natural beauty ever. The municipality of Almere has a street named after her, the ' Audrey Hepburnstraat '. An image made by Kees Verkade, is on display on the Mayors square in Arnhem. [11]

Her life was made into a film in 2000 under the title Audrey Hepburn Story. The role of Audrey Hepburn In this movie was played by Jennifer Love Hewitt.

Filmography[Edit]Edit

[9][10]Hepburn in War and Peace (1956)[11][12]Hepburn in a scene from the comic thriller Charade (1963).

Filmography as an actress
Year Title Role Note
1948 Dutch in seven lessons Flight Attendant
1951 Monte Carlo Baby Linda Farrel
1951 One Wild Oat Hotel receptionist
1951 Laughter in Paradise Cigarette girl
1951 The Lavender Hill Mob Chiquita
1951 Young Wives ' Tale Eve Lester
1952 Nous irons à Monte Carlo Melissa Walter
1952 The Secret People Nora Brentano
1953 Roman Holiday Princess Ann Boxoffice Blue Ribbon Award

NYFCC Award Best Actress BAFTA Best Film Actress Award Golden Globe Award: Best Motion Picture Actress Oscar Best Actress Academy Award: Tony Award Best Dramatic Award

1954 Sabrina Sabrina Fairchild NYFCC Award Best Actress

BAFTA Best Film Actress Award Academy Award: Best Actress Oscar Nomination

1956 War and Peace Natasha Rostov Modern Screen Award: Best Performance

NYFCC Award Best Actress BAFTA Best Film Actress Award

1957 Funny Face Jo Stockton
1957 Love in the Afternoon Ariane Chavasse/Thin Girl NYFCC Award Best Actress

Golden Globe Award: Best Motion Picture Actress, Musical/Comedy

1959 Green Mansions Rima
1959 The Nun's Story Sister Luke (Gabrielle van der Mal) BAFTA Best Film Actress Award

NYFCC Award Best Actress

1960 The Unforgiven Rachel Zachary
1961 Breakfast at Tiffany's Holly Golightly Oscar: Academy AwardNomination, Best Actress

David di Donatello Best Foreign Actress Award Golden Globe Award: Best Motion Picture Actress, Musical/Comedy

1961 The Children's Hour Karen Wright
1963 Charade Regina "Reggie" Lampert BAFTA Best Film Actress Award
1964 Paris-When It Sizzles Gabrielle Simpson/Gaby
1964 My Fair Lady Eliza Doolittle NYFCC Award Best Actress

BAFTA Best Film Actress Award David di Donatello Best Foreign Actress Award

1966 How to Steal a Million Nicole Bonnet
1967 Two for the Road Joanna Wallace
1967 Wait Until Dark Susy Hendrix NYFCC Award Best Actress (nominee)

Oscar: Academy AwardNomination, Best Actress (nominee)

1976 Robin and Marian Lady Marian
1979 Bloodline Elizabeth Roffe
1981 They All Laughed Angela Niotes
1987 Love Among Thieves Baroness Caroline DuLac television film
1989 Always Hap

In 1992 she received the BAFTA Lifetime Achievement Award.

Literature[Edit]Edit

  • Sean Hepburn Ferrer, Audrey Hepburn, An Elegant Spirit: A Son Remembers, New York: Atria, 2003.
  • Barry Paris, Audrey Hepburn, New York: Putnam, 1996.
  • Diana Maychick, Audrey Hepburn: An Intimate Portrait, Citadel Press, 1996.
  • The Audrey Hepburn Library
  • Donald Spoto, Enchantment: The Life of Audrey Hepburn, Harmony Press, 2006.
  • Alexander WalkerAudrey: Her Real Story, London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1994.
  • Ellen Cheshire, Audrey Hepburn, London: Pocket Essentials, 2003

Trivia[Edit]Edit

  • McDonnell Douglas MD-11 aircraft (registration PH-KCE) of the KLM is named after Audrey Hepburn.

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