The entertainment Kit by AlexThe artwork in the film The Rocking Machine that prevents
The story is narrated by Alex, and shown from the point of view of an adolescent who in charge of a youth gang. Together with Pete, Georgie and Dim he creates pleasure in taking criminal activities, where violence is an essential ingredient. Their idea of a fun evening includes brawling, kicking a drunk bum, joy-riding, theft, robberies and rape. The lax attitude of Alex ' parents contributes little to the improvement of his behavior, any more than the attempts of Mr. Deltoid, his probation officer.
When there is disagreement between the gang members, Alex ' position as gang leader comes under pressure. There is mutiny: Georgie and Dim let Alex in the trap by turn it on to a theft by the rich Madam Weathers. During this action, in which they are decked out with bizarre masks, Alex is crushed with a work of art by Mrs Weathers: a huge penis from plastic. As Alex leaves the House, he is in turn precipitated by Dim and so left behind until the police arrives. Alex is arrested and when it turns out that violence has not survived, Alex ' Mrs Weathers is sentenced to 14 years for murder.
Alex will, however, only two years sitting out. He is fortunate that he is selected for a scientific experiment, which is supported by the Government. This experiment is an eccentric form of therapy which every unrepentant criminal should turn into a model citizen. Alex is used as a test subject, he must go to violent movies look while he is injected with a substance which he nauseous and sick. Thus, the therapist tries to conditioninghim: violence = get sick. During one of the films is the Ninth Symphony byLudwig van Beethoven played as background music, Alex is a great admirer of Beethoven, but will then also be ill upon hearing of the Ninth Symphony. The therapy is catching on and after a few weeks therapy is Alex released.
Upon returning home to have his parents rented ' Alex room prove, he is unemployed. In the outside world soon becomes apparent that the therapy works, at the slightest form of violence is Alex nauseous and completely incompetent to respond. Now that he is no longer able to defend himself, Alex is an easy target for the harsh outside world. He becomes the victim of violence as he encounters his old machines still have a bone to pick with him. Injured flees to a house in the neighborhood where he is captured. The householder Alex almost immediately recognizes as the one that has him years before in his own house robberies. This robbery took his wife life and the man came in a wheelchair. As Alex in bad and ' Singing in the rain ' sings, running the man all the way through, because the same song Alex sings during the robbery. The man does not notice that he has recognized Alex. During a meal tells Alex about his treatment in prison and also tells that he gets sick of the Ninth Symphony by Beethoven. The householder numbs Alex with a sleeping medication, connect it on in a Tower room and runs into the room underneath the Ninth Symphony. Alex is sick to death of the music and throws himself out the window in despair. He survives the fall and ends up with broken limbs in the hospital.
The media pick up the story on a suicide attempt and feel that Alex has done because of the unconventional therapeutic experiment. Alex is in the newspapers portrayed as a victim of State terror. All media coverage builds itself on to a scandal, this brings the Government stood behind the experiment in embarrassment. The Interior Minister promises Alex full reintegration into society, if he is willing to keep the Government out of range in his statements. Alex gets a concert as a gift of the Minister: Beethoven's Ninth Symphony. Alex is not ill, making it the Viewer is clear, that the fall out the window wipes out the therapy apparently did. During the last image of the film we hear the Ninth Symphony and we see a fantasy of Alex: a fictionalized rape scene. The circle is round, the story can start.
Most of the film was shot on location in London. The film was recorded in 48 weeks and cost 4 million pounds, which was very cheap to his standards.
Kubrick used for the filming the American version of Anthony Burgess ' novel. This version lacks the 21st and last chapter that in the original UK Edition is present. Only the US version because Kubrick knew, failed so also in the film this epilogue scene. Burgess was obviously very dissatisfied. Kubrick self always loved full that he was not knew there was a final chapter.
"A Clockwork Orange" was immediately a huge commercial success, already got the movie mixed reviews. The violent scenes caused a controversy, especially when there was a series of copy-cat-murders and rapes took place, inspired by the movie.
Shortly after the premiere in London was a bum mistreated, as also happens in the film. A few weeks later there was a rape site that also showed certain agreements with "A Clockwork Orange". The perpetrators said to be inspired by the film.
Kubrick himself was harassed and stalked by fans who were obsessed by the film and behaved as Alex. At the same time, Kubrick got threatening letters from people who saw the movie as a threat to society and the corruption it deemed responsible for Kubrick.
Kubrick eventually decided in 1972 the distribution of the film in the United Kingdom to hold back until after his death. At the re-release in 2000, a year after his death in 1999, the film had already become a cult status. In America , the film was allowed, albeit in heavily censored form. In Belgium , the Netherlands and film in its full form in Premiere.
Burgess was also dissatisfied. According to him lay in the film the emphasis too much on sex and violence, and not on psychology. He distanced himself from the film and made a play in 1976 with which he his own version of the story showed to the public.
Both the story and the individual elements from the book and the movie have had a major influence on contemporary culture in General and the popular music in particular. For instance, a British electro-house band from the 80 's to the name Heaven 17 , a name that is also used for a band in the book. The name of the British trip hop band Moloko refers in the Nadsat language from the book to a milk drink mixed with drugs, although the name also could be simply derived from the Russian name for milk. U2 has The Fly as b-side of the song Alex descends into hell for a bottle of milk/korova released. The title and text refer to the story.Also in several films, books, video clips and computer games is there reference to the story. Especially in the punk subculture , the film had much influence. One of the largest and oldest underground punk bands,The Adicts may occur for years dressed as Alex and his gang members on. they also use the music of the film as intro at their concerts. The Ramones also have an instrumental song named after the car of Alex. In the film comes many typical space agedesign for: clothing, wall decor, chairs, lamps, etc. This design was by the film even more popular than he already was. In addition, the movie an inspiration source for football hooligans, so dipped the hard core of Juventus itself the name Drughi, that is a derivative of the Italian gang name in the film.
- After the film of Kubrick came out, Burgess wrote a play about the story. Allegedly he modeled one of the early victims of Alex to Kubrick.
- By him in the car where Alex is called Durango 95 drive: "" The Durango-95 purred away real horror show-a nice, warm, vibraty feeling all through your guttiwuts. ". In reality it is a ACO Probe 16, a car of which only three copies are built. In the television program Top Gear is in 2004 the car from the movie shown as possible restoration object in Restoration rip-off. The car is ultimately not elected.
The music of the film consists of classical music, and from electronic synthetic music. This was composed by Wendy Carlos (then Walter Carlos), after Kubrick disagree could be with the Pink Floyd, to (parts of) the suite of Atom Heart Mother (1970) to use. Moreover, the cover of this album can be seen in the movie.
The used classical music is used only as a fragment on a number of occasions. One example is the theme of Elgars Pomp and Circumstance March No.1 (perhaps better known as Land of Hope and Glory) that is used to in an ironic way to report the presence of a politician.
The opening theme is an electronic adaptation of Henry Purcell's Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary, composed in 1695 for the procession of Queen Mary through the streets of London on the way to Westminster Abbey.
Three months after the official release of the film music, a second version by composer Wendy Carlos released (Columbia KC 31480) with parts that are not used in the film. So was Time steps by Kubrick of synthesizer and transcription of the Ninth Symphony used only small portions. Additionally, this second edition a synthesizer version of Rossini's La Gazza Ladra Kubrick in the film by an orchestra of which execution was used.
In 1998, an Edition with digital music synthesizer released edited versions of the. This version includes Carlos compositions, including the portions and pieces in the film not Biblical Daydreams and Orange Minuetthat is not on the released version for came in 1972.
The first three minutes of hourly Timesteps Carlos had already written before reading of Burgess ' novel she had recommended the operation recommended the ninth's intended as an introduction of the vocoder.Time steps was completed after Kubrick had collected all the film material. Both portions formed the basis for the cooperation between Kubrick and Carlos. March from A Clockwork Orange was the first song in which a vocoder was used for the vocal parts and is often cited as inspiration for many synthpop-band.
- "Title Music from A Clockwork Orange" , Wendy Carlos "
- "The Thieving Magpie (Rossini, abridged)", Deutsche Grammophon recording
- "Theme from A Clockwork Orange (Beethoviana)", Wendy Carlos
- "Ninth Symphony, Second Movement (abridged)", a Deutsche Grammophon recording conducted by Ferenc Fricsay.
- "March from A Clockwork Orange (Ninth Symphony, Fourth Movement, abridged)", Wendy Carlos and Rachel Elkind "
- "William Tell Overture (Rossini, abridged)", Wendy Carlos
- "Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1", Edward Elgar
- "Pomp and Circumstance March No. IV (abridged)", Edward Elgar
- "Timesteps (Excerpt)", Wendy Carlos
- "Overture to the Sun", Terry Tucker (instrumental from a 1969 album, "Sunforest")
- "I Want to Marry a Lighthouse Keeper", Erika site (song from the album "Sunforest")
- "William Tell Overture (abridged)", a Deutsche Grammophon recording
- "Suicide Scherzo (Ninth Symphony, Second Movement, abridged)", Wendy Carlos
- "Ninth Symphony, Fourth Movement, (abridged)", a Deutsche Grammophon recording (Herbert Karajan, 1963, uncredited)
- "Singin' in the Rain", Gene Kelly, Arthur Freed, Nacio Herb Brown music text.
|Malcolm McDowell||Alex de Large|
|Patrick Magee||Mr. Alexander|
|Michael Bates||Head Guard|
|John Clive||Stage Actor|
|Adrienne Ranjith||Mrs. Alexander|
|Carl Duering||Dr. Brodsky|
|Michael Gover||Head Warder|
|Miriam Karlin||Cats Female (Miss Weathers)|
|Aubrey Morris||Mr. P. R. Deltoid|
|Madge Ryan||Dr. Baltazar|
|Steven Berkoff||Brigadier Tom|
|Lindsay Campbell||Police Inspector|
|David Prowse||Julian (Frank Alexander's bodyguard)|
|Jan Adair||Maidservant in Bible fantasy|
|Gaye Brown||Sophisto (in the Korova milkbar-)|
|John J. Carney||Inspector|
|Vivienne Chandler||Maidservant in Bible fantasy|
|Richard Connaught||Billy Boy (gang leader)|
|Prudence Drage||Maidservant in Bible fantasy|
|Carol Drinkwater||Sister Feeley|
|Lee Fox||Police Officer|
|Cheryl Grunwald||Rape victim in film|
|Shirley Jaffe||Victim of Billy Boys gang|
|Virginia Wetherell||Stage Actress|
|Katya Wyeth||Girl in Ascot-fantasy|
|Robert Bruce||A bouncer of the milkbar|
|Katharina Kubrick||Alex noticed that girl in record store|
|Pat Roach||A bouncer of the milkbar|