Template:Use mdy dates Template:Year dab Template:Year nav Template:C13 year in topicYear 1207 (MCCVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- Before 1207 – Kosho writes Kuya Preaching, during the Kamakura period (it is now kept at Rokuhara Mitsu-ji, Kyoto).
- Hōnen and his followers are exiled to remote parts of Japan, while a few are executed, for what the government considers heretical Buddhist teachings.
- February 2 – Terra Mariana, comprising present-day Estonia and Latvia, is established as a principality of the Holy Roman Empire.
- November – Leeds, a market town in England, receives its first charter.
- Pope Innocent III declares for Philip of Swabia as Holy Roman Emperor, a reversal of his previous support for Otto IV.
- King John issues letters patent, creating the new Borough of Liverpool.
- The first evidence is discovered of forced loans in Venice. This technique becomes the staple of public finance in Europe, until the 16th century.
- July 7 – Elizabeth of Hungary, Hungarian princess and saint (d. 1231)
- September 30 – Rumi, Persian poet and Sufi mystic (d. 1273)
- October 1 – King Henry III of England (d. 1272)
- Henry II, Duke of Brabant (d. 1248)
- Philip I, Count of Savoy (d. 1285)
- January 4 – Simon II, Duke of Lorraine
- June 17 – Daoji, Chinese buddhist monk (b. 1130)
- Amalric of Bena, French theologian and 'heretic'
- Tsar Kaloyan of Bulgaria
- David Soslan, king consort of Georgia
- Xin Qiji, Chinese general and poet (b. 1140)
- Han Tuozhou, Chinese statesman (b. 1152)